To further complicate things, some bureaus and other third-party credit resellers market an entirely different set of credit scores and reports to lenders like your local bank or auto dealership.

What a lender looks at

Equifax's Wilson explained that some lenders actually purchase customized scoring systems that will net them a better idea of a borrower's creditworthiness within their particular industry. Equifax, for instance, markets a specific BEACON score to auto dealers and auto finance companies that is designed not to calculate a consumer's creditworthiness in general but to look at whether the person is likely to repay a car loan.

Other scoring systems can be obtained through credit resellers who pay the credit bureaus for their data and then repackage it to meet a lender's needs. Wilson likens these credit resellers to boutique owners who keep branded merchandise from big-name clothing manufacturers on their shelves. "The boutique doesn't make Seven jeans, but they do have them on sale," she explained.

Whatever recourse a lender chooses to determine a borrower's creditworthiness, the takeaway remains the same. The score (or sometimes an average of multiple scores) that the lender is looking at will likely vary from the one that consumer has access to.

"There'll be different codes underneath the score," Chad Smith, the senior vice president of mortgage services for Lending Tree, said when he explained to MainStreet the process his company uses to check a borrower's credit. "There will also be commentary on what's driving it."

What does it all mean?

So does this tangled web of proprietary information, and the formulas used to evaluate it, suggest that pulling your credit score is pretty pointless? Surprisingly, not at all.

Smith explained that lenders aren't looking just at a borrower's credit score, no matter which particular one they use. They're looking at the balances on open lines of credit, a consumer's overall debt ratio and the person's credit history, particularly within their industry. This is basic information that also appears on a consumer's credit report, no matter which formula is being used to calculate the accompanying score.

"The score is meant to be directional," Equifax's Wilson said, explaining that whether you're looking at a FICO score, Vantage Score or a credit bureau's own unique version of either, the point should be to identify the same red flags a lender may spot and take corrective action to eliminate them before you apply for a loan.

"The idea is not to focus on the score but instead on what you can do to improve it," Sweet said. She explained that any credit report will highlight at least five factors driving the score up or down, which essentially provides a road map for how you can increase your credit profile. She said consumers should also put more emphasis on the risk rating they are issued on their credit report, since "that's consistent no matter what number you use."

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In other words, if a report says you are low-risk, a lender is likely to lend to you. If it puts you in the highest-risk group, you're probably out of luck and should take serious steps to remedy the situation.

In fact, the only way your risk range won't be consistent across the three main credit agencies is if different information is appearing on each one's version of your credit report. This can happen, because the credit bureaus get their data from separate sources and one particular lender may not report to all three.

Big discrepancies, SmartCredit.com's Ulzheimer pointed out, will be few and far between since, by now, most major lenders are in the habit of reporting to Experian, Equifax and TransUnion -- which is how this whole investigation got started in the first place -- but there is a chance that false information might appear on one rather than the other. This is why it is commonly suggested that consumers pull their credit report (and whatever score they prefer to pay for) from each of the three credit bureaus at least once a year, a service that any of the big three bureaus is happy to provide to you directly.

"They're in competition with one another, but they partner together as well," Ulzheimer said.

This article was reported by Jeanine Skowronski for MainStreet.