12/19/2012 3:00 PM ET|
Should you see a credit counselor?
Many Americans are deep in debt these days. If any of these 8 situations applies to you, some expert advice could help.
By 2007, at ages 57 and 68, respectively, Francine and Jim Bostick had racked up more than $120,000 in credit-card debt. They were juggling payments to meet the minimum amount due each month on their 13 credit cards. When they reached their breaking point, they turned to Housing and Credit Counseling in Topeka, Kan., for help.
Fast forward five years and the Bosticks -- after working second jobs, living on a tight budget, and putting $2,500 each month toward their debt repayment plan -- are now debt-free. (Read their story in MSN Money's Frugal Nation.) "They're a perfect example of how it's never too late to seek help from a credit counselor," says Gail Cunningham, the vice president of membership and public relations for the National Foundation for Credit Counseling, a network of accredited and certified credit-counseling agencies.
The Bosticks are far from alone in having accumulated big debts. In the wake of the Great Recession, with the country's unemployment rate reaching the highest level since the Great Depression, many Americans found themselves with crippling amounts of debt.
As a nation, Americans owe $721 billion on outstanding credit cards, according to the Federal Reserve. The average U.S. household with at least one credit card owes nearly $15,950 in credit card debt, according to CreditCards.com. Yet only a fraction of those people seek help from a credit counselor.
That can be partly attributed to the bad rap credit-counseling agencies have gotten by being confused with debt-settlement companies. Credit counselors advise people on how to make better budget and lifestyle decisions and develop a plan to pay back their creditors. Many counseling sessions are free (those with fees typically charge about $20 per session). Meanwhile, debt-settlement companies offer to negotiate with a person's creditors to slash the amount of debt they owe -- and many charge clients a large fee for their services.
Unfortunately, the debt-settlement industry is rife with scam artists and fraudulent groups, which has made it more difficult for credit counselors to earn people's trust. "Many debt-settlement agencies have made promises they can't keep, and they've effectively blurred the lines between them and us," Cunningham says.
The Consumer Financial Protection Bureau, formed in 2010, has started to address some of those problems, but for many years deceptive debt-settlement agencies operated without a watchdog. "You couldn't turn on the radio without hearing those ads saying things like, 'We'll settle your debt for cents on the dollar,'" says Allie Vered, the vice president of education and public awareness for ClearPoint Credit Counseling Solutions in Richmond, Va.
Others may be afraid that consulting a credit counselor will hurt their credit scores, but talking to one has no impact on a person's credit or credit scores.
A sense of shame can also keep people from seeking help from a credit counselor. But Brian Oliver, a vice president of counseling at CredAbility in Atlanta, says that's less of a problem now that credit counselors have made themselves accessible by phone and online. "Walking into a physical location can be intimidating, especially if the person doesn't want to admit face-to-face how much they're in debt," Oliver says. The ability to get help remotely eliminates some of the fear, he says.
Are you thinking about talking with a credit counselor but aren't sure if you need one? If any of these situations apply to you, experts say a credit counselor can help:
1. Debt collectors are calling you
This might be the most obvious red flag, but it's also a sign that you should have sought help from a credit counselor long before reaching this point, according to David Jones, the president of the Association of Independent Consumer Credit Counseling Agencies. "The earlier you can get to a credit counselor, the better," he says, adding that it's never too late.
However, make sure the debt collector calling you is legitimate. Debt collectors are required to operate under the Fair Debt Collection Practices Act. Two signs you could be dealing with a deceptive debt collector: if he or she calls outside the hours of 8 a.m. to 9 p.m. or uses profane language (both are outlawed by the act). If the debt doesn't sound familiar, ask for documentation.
2. You're living paycheck to paycheck
This means every cent you earn is spoken for, and you're putting yourself or your family on a slippery slope, Cunningham says. If you experience even the slightest financial hiccup, you'll fall behind. You need some wiggle room each month for unforeseen expenses, such as auto repairs.
Often, this can be fixed by pinpointing places where you can cut discretionary spending. A credit counselor will go through your budget line by line to help you find ways to reform bad spending habits.
3. Debt is creating tension in your household
If debt is a source of arguments between you and your spouse, a credit counselor can reduce the strain by providing ways to minimize your debt. If you and your spouse do everything you can to avoid talking about money, that's also a sign you need help.
More from U.S. News and World Report:
- Get-out-of-debt resolutions for 2013
- How to pick a financial adviser
- 10 golden parachutes to make your head spin
4. You hide bills and financial information from your spouse
Cunningham calls this "financial infidelity," meaning you have a secret financial life apart from your spouse. You may have credit cards your spouse doesn't know about, or you lock purchases in the trunk of your car because you don't want your spouse to see you carrying them inside. You may even get your own post office box, so that if your spouse beats you home, he or she doesn't get to the mail before you can intercept it.
5. You're using cash advances or payday loans
This indicates you've created a lifestyle your income cannot support. Cash advances and payday loans come with sky-high interest rates, and using them will only dig you deeper into debt. "I see many people who are repeat users of payday loans, in which case they need credit counseling desperately," Jones says.
6. You don't know exactly how big your debt is
If you've lost track of how much you owe or to whom you owe it, Cunningham says you've "buried your head in the financial sand."
Says Vered: "A lot of times consumers will come in with a bunch of unopened bills in a plastic bag because they've gotten to the point where they're scared to find out how much they owe." If that's the case, it's time to face the facts. Delaying the inevitable will only do more harm.
7. You're maxing out your credit card each month
Some may do this because they like to spend money, but consider talking with a credit counselor if this is the only way you can pay your bills. Maxing out your card damages your credit scores, as it raises your credit utilization ratio -- the ratio of your credit-card balance to credit limit -- which credit experts say should be kept under 15%.
8. You're pulling money from a retirement account to pay bills
Dipping into a retirement account should be a last resort, as you'll incur substantial penalties and fees for early withdrawal. Says Cunningham: "A retirement account is appropriately named -- it's for your retirement, not for your daily living."
Although the Bosticks found the help they needed, they shouldn't have waited until they were in six-figure debt before consulting a credit counselor. If any of the above applies to you, reaching out to a credit counselor could do you and your finances plenty of good.
More from U.S. News and World Report:
VIDEO ON MSN MONEY
If you wake up one day when you're in your late 50's or 60's and 'discover' you are 'suddenly' in debt to the tune of $120,000 on credit cards, it can only mean one thing: You have been engaging in Irrational and/or delusional decision making. In order to get yourself in $120k of debt, you have to SPEND that money on 'STUFF'.
What could these people be thinking? Approaching retirement age, and spending huge amounts of $$$ on non-essential things like vacations, dining out, and expensive car loans is the fastest and easiest way to get yourself in REAL financial trouble, and ruin your retirement years.
An incredible lack of discipline and planning are usually responsible for this extreme debt example. It's the 'keeping up with the Joneses' mentality that will destroy you every time. How? Francine and Jim observe their neighbor's and family and friends taking cruises and going to Vegas 'for the weekend' and say to themselves, "Why shouldn't we do that? After all, we work hard and we deserve it..." Except that they DON'T really have the money to live that lifestyle whether they 'deserve' it or NOT! But, that little voice in their head tells them, 'don't worry - be happy!' And off they go...
The real shame of it is, that these kinds of decisions can lead to very difficult situations and scenarios that might involve friends and family when their undisciplined lifestyle implodes on the perpetrators. If they lose a job or have an illness they can be faced with foreclosure, homelessness, and disaster. What is the mental mechanism that some use to justify and rationalize this kind of behavior? I'm not able to read minds, but this lifestyle has been more prevalent over the last few years.
Preventing this from occurring in your life is NOT difficult or complicated. Exercise some self-limiting behavior. Think before you purchase. Then think again... Do I really NEED this item? Is going out for dinner three or four times a week really a good idea? MUST we take this elaborate vacation? And, maybe the best example: Do I really NEED a Starbucks twice a day?
The simple answer is usually - no. Instead, have some discipline. Save some money. Pay yourself first. Have an emergency fund ready in case of unexpected expenses. Invest in your future. (No, a credit card does NOT qualify as an 'emergency fund') In my experience, delayed gratification is always more satisfying than instant gratification. Especially when you can truly afford it... IMHO.
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