Two types of financing can be used to purchase your used car. In-house financing, known in the business as "buy here, pay here," is convenient, because you can do the paperwork on the premises, but this financing doesn't always offer the best deal. If you have more time on your hands, you may be able to get a lower interest rate from a bank or credit union.

"You just have to be willing to do your research," Quincy says.

Check the inventory

Of course, doing your research means more than finding the lowest interest rate to purchase a used vehicle. You've also got to ask about the inventory.

Most of the vehicles on a used car lot are purchased from new car dealerships after coming off a lease, or they're trade-ins from customers now in the market for a different car. Other used cars are typically bought at auctions or from rental car companies or insurance companies. If a dealer tells you that a vehicle is from that last category, consider it a big red flag.

"You don't want to buy a car that was purchased from an insurance company," says Sergio Stiberman, the CEO of LeaseTrader. "It means the car was totaled."

Conversely, vehicles that have just come off their leases are often less likely to be lemons, since people who lease don't want to pay fees when they return the car to the dealer.

Keep in mind, however, that no origin represents a sure thing. A lemon can come from anywhere, especially if the dealership you're visiting buys its cars indiscriminately. Once you're on the lot, your job is not simply to learn where the car came from, but also what it has experienced.

Stiberman says you can do this by asking the following questions:

  • Has the car ever been in an accident?
  • Has it been totaled?
  • Has it had body work done?

If you want something in writing, many experts say, you could also ask to see a CarFax Vehicle History report, which will tell you whom the car was purchased from, how many times it changed ownership and whether it was involved in any wrecks. Some dealers, especially the more reputable ones, will provide this report for you, but you can get one yourself for $34.99.

Consider a certified vehicle

There's also the option of purchasing a Certified Pre-Owned Vehicle, a car that a dealership repaired and inspected after receiving it back from a lease in good condition.

These cars aren't always found on a traditional used car lot. You might need to find a dealership that sells both new and used vehicles, since such dealerships are more likely to invest in the inspection process.

Additionally, these cars can cost more. Bell says you can expect to spend an additional $1,000 for a compact car and as much as $3,000 to $4,000 more for a luxury vehicle.

However, Bell says, the cars have been formally inspected and often come with special warranties that make the extra cost worth it to consumers who want peace of mind.

Check the books

If you want to further minimize your risk of getting hosed, you should stick to models that have proven reliability records. Consumer Reports has a ranking of the best and worst used car models to buy. Among the best are the Acura MDX, the Honda Accord and the Lexus GS. Quincy says cars that have good track records when they're new will also have good track records when purchased secondhand.

Regardless of whether these models fit your needs or preferences, it's a good idea to have a car in mind and know its current going price when you arrive at the lot. That reduces your odds of getting steered toward a damaged car by a predatory dealer.

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If a dealer is pushing a car and you find yourself drawn to it, be prepared to go home and do your research on that make and model before you buy.

Once you have found what looks like a good vehicle at a fair price, there are two things left to do, experts say.

First, take the car for a test drive to make sure it's running properly. Second, have it inspected by a third-party mechanic.

Gamache says consumers can have a basic inspection done for $50 to $100, though savvy shoppers may be able to get the dealership to pay with the promise of a sale.

Our experts say these requests are perfectly reasonable and that if the dealer gives you any pushback, it may be an indication you need to take your business elsewhere.

"You've got to be prepared to walk away," Bell says, noting that finding a reputable dealer is an integral part of buying a used car. "You've got plenty of options. You should be able to find a comparable deal elsewhere."

This article was reported by Jeanine Skowronski for MainStreet.