Image: Medical doctor © Corbis

By virtually any measure, America spends far more on health care than any other country in the world. Yet the outcomes here are not necessarily better.

For example U.S. life expectancy is well below that of Japan, Canada, Israel and most Western European countries, according to the CIA’s World Factbook.

Similarly the U.S. infant mortality rate of 5.9 per 1,000 live births is higher than the rate in dozens of countries including Japan, which has a rate of about 2.2 per 1,000.

With the 2010 Affordable Care Act, popularly known as Obamacare, kicking into high gear in October, many consumers are looking more closely than ever at the high cost of health care and the wildly disparate prices charged by different providers for similar treatments.

Click ahead to see more details about our health care costs and how they compare with those elsewhere in the world.