8/14/2014 1:15 PM ET|
3 best airline stocks to buy now
Profits are soaring as carriers raise fares and fees, but heed the industry's history of enormous losses.
There's an old Wall Street joke about how to end up with $1 million worth of airline stocks: Start with $10 million. But over the past two years, the joke has been on investors who have stayed away from this perennially troubled industry.
So far this year alone, the Dow Jones U.S. Airline index has climbed 34 percent. The stock of American Airlines Group (AAL) has soared 54 percent, Southwest Airlines (LUV) has gained 51 percent, and Spirit Airlines (SAVE) has risen 44 percent.
The industry's sudden appeal is a direct result of its long stretch of misery. A wave of bankruptcies and mergers over the past few decades has left the domestic market with a handful of big players. Reduced competition amid rising demand for seats has given the survivors a greater ability to raise fares -- and to impose an array of annoying fees.
In 2000, nine airlines controlled about 80 percent of the U.S. market. Today, just four companies control about the same percentage: American, Delta Air Lines (DAL), Southwest and United Continental (UAL).
The industry's improving fortunes were evident in second-quarter results. For example, Southwest's earnings rocketed 108 percent from the same period a year earlier as revenue rose 8 percent. United's earnings jumped 68 percent on a 3 percent rise in revenue.
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But can the profit rebound, and stock rally, keep going? A key issue is how well airlines can keep seat availability in line with demand -- and by doing so, avoid ruinous fare wars. Raymond James analyst Savanthi Syth predicts that domestic seat capacity will rise less than 3 percent a year through 2016, a level that is below anticipated U.S. economic growth. "We expect capacity discipline to be used to push through fare increases," she says.
Airlines have another good reason to restrain spending, Syth says: They've promised to return more capital to investors. American and United both surprised Wall Street in July by committing to big stock buybacks.
A trio of enticing airline stocks
But even if airlines can avoid the urge to overexpand, they remain subject to a host of risks beyond their control. These include fuel prices, consumer and business spending, and terrorist attacks. The industry's history of enormous losses explains why shares typically trade at low price-to-earnings (P/E) ratios. But bulls say P/Es will rise if investors believe the industry's turnaround has staying power.
Which stocks look most attractive? UBS analyst Darryl Genovesi calls Atlanta-based Delta "the purest play on overall industry improvement." He thinks Delta could earn close to $5 a share in 2015, up from an estimated $3.24 this year. What's more, Delta has "the most flexibility to take out capacity if demand disappoints or fuel spikes higher," he says. At $37, the stock sells for 10 times estimated year-ahead earnings (all prices are through July 31).
Dallas-based Southwest is the top pick of analyst Helane Becker, of Cowen & Co. "The outlook remains quite strong, especially on the cost side," she says. The carrier is also expanding in select markets: It's now flying to the Caribbean, its first international flights.
At $28, the stock sells for 15 times estimated year-ahead earnings. With profits expected to rise 55 percent this year and 16 percent in 2015, the shares look reasonably priced. One note of caution: The company faces tough contract talks with its unions.
Alaska Air Group (ALK) faces increasing competitive pressures in its Seattle hub from Delta's expansion there. But Raymond James's Syth thinks Alaska is a relative bargain with the stock trading at $44, or 11 times estimated year-ahead earnings. Alaska has "a history of using its strong balance sheet and market position to successfully compete against larger, well-funded competitors," Syth says.
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Spoken like a tried and true shill, there Tom. To wit:
Up Up and Away!
Up up and away!
Oh how sublime
'Investing' money in an air line!
Flights of fancy, romance and more!
As soon as they close that passenger door
Profit, profit, profit are yours for the taking
The wealth, the wealth, the wealth, Tom says we'll be making!
But the laws of Physics are lurking around
Surely even a shill knows, what goes up must come down
Airline deregulating is a prime example of what markets do.
In the short run you get some competition through small regionals paying bad wages and flying on critical MELs frequently and sometimes simply flying illegally, not with all the checks.
Long run you get an even stronger consolidation lesser competition with frozen low crummy wages and poor quality.
Who wins and loses?
Losers are the customers with crummy quality and higher prices with even less choices, and the labor who work the airlines with less wages and benefits.
Winners: Appears a few investors willing to gamble during the short run. And of course banks who finance the airlines; they have liens on the airplanes during restructuring the banks get their cash no matter what. And you get a mini-boom and bust in airplane manufacturing with the short run start ups.
Perhaps its the way they deregulated the airline routes. But we can see simply deregulating harms more than its benefits. Especially in industry that requires large economies of scale to be sustainable.
So much for lazy fare as a good alternative as regulating natural monopolies. The term natural monopolies or oligopolies are used for a defined reason: perfectly competitive market principles demonstrate that high barrier to entry and requirement of high economies of scale will defeat all other forces perfectly competitive market principles that check and balance the market to allow for good efficiency and quality results.
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