5/14/2013 5:45 PM ET|
Turn $250K into retirement income
Seven financial advisers offer their suggestions for converting half of a retirement savings account into a steady income stream.
With 10,000 baby boomers hitting retirement age every day, financial planners are hearing a lot of questions about how to convert savings into income while interest rates are at rock-bottom lows.
We asked seven advisers this simple question: What would you advise someone today who wants to turn $250,000 from their retirement savings into a steady income stream? Assume this retiree has other assets in a diversified portfolio and this is the amount set aside purely to generate income.
Why the quarter-million number? Because U.S. Census Bureau data show that the average net worth of a 65-year-old with some college education is $500,000. That person can put half of his or her overall net worth toward income generation and still have Social Security and other assets to draw upon to maintain a diverse portfolio and a source of emergency funds.
Here is the advice of the financial planners on investing $250,000 for income:
Use the ladder: Russell Francis, Portland Fixed Income Specialists, Beaverton, Ore.
"I would ladder a diversified combination of taxable CDs, 'taxable' munis and corporate bonds, and hold them to maturity. The ladder would initially be from one to 10 years, and as they mature, we would reinvest unused proceeds further out in the ladder, likely increasing yield to counter inflation." Laddering is the term used for varying bond holdings so they mature at different dates.
Consider annuities with inflation protection: Chris Long, Long Financial Planning, Chicago
"This will provide a guaranteed income with inflation protection. It will also provide higher income than (individual investors) could withdraw if they managed the money themselves. I ran a quick quote for immediate annuities through Income Solutions (an annuities advisory) for a 65-year-old man beginning May 1, 2013. I received quotes of between $994 and $1,002 per month with a 3% increase each year. This represents a withdrawal rate of about 4.8% a year."
Use annuities and short-term bonds as an anchor: Rand Spero, Street Smart Financial, Lexington, Mass.
"Choosing an immediate annuity (in combination with) short-term bonds can be an option to explore for the $250,000 investment. One can consider diversifying the short-term bond funds to include a small portion of emerging-market bonds that have higher yields and some growth possibility over the next 20-plus years. Overall, I would be cautious now -- given the low-interest-rate environment -- to get locked into anything long term."
Use stock dividends to provide income: Dennis Stearns, Stearns Financial Group, Greensboro, N.C.
"Given that dividend payout ratios for high-quality dividend-growing stocks are at a multi-decade low -- and that these stocks would provide over 3% cash flow growing at an average of 5% to 10% or more per year -- we would put half the money in this area. It's the safest time in decades to own high-quality stocks if you're focused on cash flow," Stearns says. He cited AT&T (T) and Verizon Communications (VZ) as examples.
Then there are mutual funds: "Put the other half in opportunistic bond managers via such funds as Loomis Sayles Bond (LSBRX), Pimco All Asset (PASAX), Pimco Total Return (PTTAX), Osterweis Strategic Income (OSTIX) and Pioneer Strategic Income (PSRAX). The yield would be over 4%, with a good ability to adjust to future bond conditions as interest rates begin to rise," he says.
Remember to factor in required minimum withdrawals: Robert Reed, Personal Financial Advisors, Covington, La.
"At 70.5 years, the required minimum distributions (RMDs) start. So, one could set up a portfolio of laddered CDs and U.S. government and agency bonds to approximate the RMD. This would as much as guarantee the assets and provide for income via the RMD.
"This strategy would work even if one didn't tie the asset maturities to RMD," Reed says. He suggests working with an adviser since "there may be opportunities to enhance the income over time, depending on interest-rate fluctuations."
Cash and Treasury Inflation-Protected Securities (TIPS) will be best as inflation rises: Jay Hutchins, The Wealth Conservatory, Lebanon, N.H.
"The prospects for inflation and rising interest rates renders everything except cash and short-term TIPS risky, and both cash and short-term TIPS generate very low income. But given your criteria (steady income stream), some sort of immediate annuity from a strong insurance company -- or maybe even divided between a couple -- would likely fit your bill best."
Generate income with dividends and fixed income: Maryan K. Jaross, Gold Medal Waters, Boulder, Colo.
Create a portfolio "across the market in all asset classes, (which) generates interest from the fixed-income side as well as dividends through the equity side, plus additional cash when asset classes need to be rebalanced.
"Selling the winners and reinvesting in the losers -- the hardest discipline for an investor to achieve without the assistance of a professional adviser -- because we never know which asset class will be at the top.
"Cash is taken out at these points to satisfy goals, the most important of which is usually the retirement living expense."
More from U.S. News & World Report:
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I see my best advisor every morning, when I look in the mirror.
Educate yourself first, no one can represent you better than you.
Then, at least you know when to call BS.
We are not studying law here folks. It's market economics with a world of info at your fingertips.
Then, as this article suggests, rely on financial advisors or insurance.
Realize though, they have to pay their bills too, and the result will be fees and commissions that reduce your earnings. Your interests very well could be placed second to that.
This advice is free, although if you insist , I can send a bill.
$500,000 is an unrealistic amount for most people. What about the average worker who is lucky to have $100,000 ?
Where should the rest of us put our money to be somewhat secure in retirement ?
How can you base this advice on Net Worth? Net Worth is not the same as available savings. I am willing to bet that the bulk of most people's net worth is the value of their home and that value cannot be invested into income producing investments. If my assumption is correct, this article and the advice it gives makes no sense.
“Consider annuities with inflation protection”
Using the information from the example given, a 65 year old man has a life expectancy of about 13 years. The 3% annual inflationary increase in annuity benefits is probably about equal to what he could earn in on a bond fund. So, that’s a wash. It appears the annuity company is charging $250,000 for something that has a net present value of:
13 years x 12 months x $1002 /month = $156,312.
That’s a hefty premium to pay for the luxury of guaranteed income for life, but, fairly typical of annuity companies from what I’ve seen.
I guess annuities are for people (aka suckers) who can’t do math.
This is a tough time to retire. Interest rates are held low by the fed, and we are on the cusp of loosing principle if we own bonds as the feds back out of their bond purchasing. If we are not in the stock market, it is tough to buy in when the market is at an all time high. Locking into an annuity seems very risky until interest rates return to market values. Real estate seems good while mortgages are so low, but are we entering another bubble? Investing a nest egg into a rental property is risky because it is not a diversified investment. Our economy is chugging along pretty well, but it seems like every event; dot com bust, banking & real estate bust, recession and such leaves the rich richer and the middle class poorer. Wealth is concentrated at the top, and our "free market" is beginning to look like a game of monopoly. I wish congress would take care of the social security shortfall while it is still a manageable problem, but even that looks gloomy. On the bright side, as long as I have a warm bed, three meals a day, and an occasional cold beer, I am doing pretty well.
Get A Government Job!!!!
A Free Lifetime Retirement & Health Care Benefits To Your Grave!!
,Like What Your Part Time, Elected Career Politicians Gave Themselves.
Quit Your Whining; Get Back To Work,Someone Has To Pay For This!!!
I posted the comment below for another article, but I think its relevant here. The only thing I will add is that there seems to be a lot of financial advisor bashing. All I can say that getting an invest advisor was the best thing I did, besides starting to plan for retirement early and keeping at it. Just keep in mind that there are different types of investment advisors. Places like Fidelity and Vanguard have investment advisors that are more like glorified sales people. Their main goal is to sell you their own investment products. You need to look for an investment advisor that can act as a fiduciary (trustee). They are not bound by a proprietary fund family or investment product and always have their client's best interest in mind.
The "secret" is to keep track of all your accounts in great detail, on a daily basis. Keep track of your income and expenses on a daily basis. All excess cash goes to savings. Max out your 401(k) and retirement contributions. Project out all your income and expenses 30 days in advance so you can reconcile and never be short of cash. Keep track of your retirement accounts daily and don't rely on looking at them when you only get statements.
How you do this is up to you, but there are software programs that can help. (Sorry, I am afraid to name them, or the one I use, because this message might be deleted.) You also might want to take some personal finance classes.
Think of it as a second job, and start as early as possible. I started to doing this in 1994 when I was 34 and my net worth was -8000. I had gotten a computer with some software along with it. One of them was a personal finance software program. I tried it but at first wasn't serious about it. Long story short, after 20 years, my net worth is 7 figures and I have no debt. House was paid off in 2006.
During the downturn, I didn't sell out of my 401(k) and retirement accounts, I kept my funds invested where they were and kept contributing the max amount possible. In 2010, I hired an investment advisor. I am good at saving, but not always good at picking out investments. I just met with him yesterday and I am very happy with how things are progressing.
Don't always believe the outrageous stories or comments that are posted on here. The writers want their stories noticed and read.
Lastly, as Suze Orman says "Live within your needs, not your means"
Take this for what it's worth. I am not saying that this would work for everyone, but I don't ever see on any of these posts "how to". This is my "how to".
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