Could a $1 trillion coin fix the national debt?

There's been talk of minting a massive coin of platinum to help solve the nation's debt ceiling problem. It's a fun idea that has lots of problems.

By Charley Blaine Jan 7, 2013 10:30AM

Platinum necklace © DAJ, amana images, Getty ImagesUpdated: 11:59 a.m. ET

Ah, platinum, the metal of kings. It's prized by jewelers because it doesn't tarnish, and it's a key material in catalytic converters, used to reduce auto emissions.

Now, theoretically, it's also a way to provide relief from the nation's debt ceiling crisis.

That's been the talk on Twitter and the Internet in the past week or so. Rep. Jerome Nadler, D-N.Y., suggested the Treasury mint a $1 trillion platinum coin and deposit it at a handy Federal Reserve Bank, probably the Federal Reserve Bank of New York.

And voila! The $1 trillion addition to the Treasury's bank account would give the government breathing room to avoid the debt ceiling fight. There's even a petition you can sign demanding that President Barack Obama mint the coin.


It's an interesting, if loopy, idea. There are lots of questions. Many people think it's illegal, while others say the legal questions are balderdash. Most important, dare we say it, the idea is simply impractical. Here's why.

The U.S. Mint makes coins -- coins we use to buy things as well as gold and silver coins that investors buy. It also makes numismatic coins made for collectors. The Treasury already sells 1-ounce American Eagle platinum coins. You can buy one directly from the Mint for $1,892 and through dealers.

Federal law gives the Secretary of the Treasury the authority to mint platinum coins of any size at his discretion. I repeat: "of any size."

Let's go back to the history of the law, enacted in the late 1990s. The legislation was actually an amendment designed to correct a flaw in an earlier law designed to let the Treasury issue and market platinum bullion and coins, according to the bill's author. According to the Washington Post, former Rep. Peter Castle, R-Del., says his only intent was to give the U.S. Mint, an agency of the Treasury Department, the flexibility to create coins small enough to attract a broad array of investors and collectors.

It was not meant to create a tool to pay down the national debt. In the 1990s, Castle was chairman of the House Financial Services subcommittee on domestic and international monetary policy, which supervised coinage questions. Still, Philip Diehl, who ran the U.S. Mint from 1994 to 2000 and was also involved in writing the law, thinks the idea may be legal.

The problem, as Heidi Moore in Britain's Guardian newspaper notes, is that the U.S. Treasury spends about $100 billion a month. A trillion-dollar coin would buy the Treasury only about 10 months of breathing room before the debt ceiling fight would erupt again as it did in the summer of 2011. "It is dubious at best," she notes, "that a Congress full of reckless legislators will surely come to their senses in only 10 months, given that they haven't for the past 18 months since the same last debacle."

How big would the coin have to be? Theoretically, the Mint could produce a platinum coin of any size and say it's worth $1 trillion.

People might react badly to an arbitrary value put on a piece of metal. But you don't know. When the Federal Reserve prints a $1 bill, people accept that value. But it is still a relative value. Currency markets determine the dollar's value around the world. That's because the Treasury stopped making the dollar directly convertible into gold in 1971.

So, it's fair to say that an attempt to create this coin might end up in the courts. And Rep. Greg Walden, R-Ore., filed a bill Monday to ban the minting of the coin.

But let's say the United States were required to make a coin that really was made out of $1 trillion of the metal. What are we talking about?

We're talking a lot of platinum
How big is a platinum coin worth $1 trillion? If you price the platinum at Friday's close of $1,558.50 per troy ounce, the coin would have to weigh 641.6 million troy ounces. Hard to get your arms around that idea? That would be 19.96 million kilograms. Still having a problem? No problem. Try 22,000 tons.

For context, global production of platinum over the last five years has averaged 194,000 kilograms -- or 214 tons. U.S. production is only 3,700 kilograms a year. The government doesn't maintain a platinum reserve such as the gold reserve at Ft. Knox, Ky.

In other words, to assemble enough platinum at current market prices to make a $1 trillion coin would require all of the world's platinum production for the next 103 years. If you were to use U.S.-sourced platinum, it would take maybe 5,400 years.

Environmentalists would surely object. About 20% of those 194,000 kilograms produced annually globally goes into catalytic converters installed in motor vehicles to reduce air pollution. The platinum is one of key components in a catalytic converter. The converter turns toxic byproducts of combustion in the exhaust of an internal combustion engine into less toxic substances.

There is some good news. The 19.96 million kilograms of platinum probably could fit into its special place at the New York Fed with room to spare.

Markets gone wild
But, if the United States were to say it will acquire enough platinum to make a $1 trillion column, you can bet the price of platinum would explode.

That, in turn, would send prices soaring for gold, silver and the related platinum metals of ruthenium, rhodium, palladium, osmium and iridium. Great for speculators, not so great for anyone else.

Still, a soaring price for platinum would mean you don't need as much platinum for a $1 trillion coin. How much less? Your guess is as good as mine.

Minting platinum would not be free
The fact is, the U.S. Mint is obligated to earn a profit -- and does. But it is not a wildly profitable business. It grossed some $3.54 billion in fiscal 2012 and ended with a profit of $208.2 million. Revenue was down 31% overall from a year earlier. Profit, including what the Mint turns over to the Treasury, was off 60.6%.

To make pennies, nickels, dimes and quarters or to make gold and silver coins for investors and collectors, the Mint needs to buy the raw materials -- usually as blanks from a metal refiner. The Mint then turns the blanks into coins and sells them. The same is true for coins sold to collectors and coins meant for speculation.

So, if you're going to have a $1 trillion platinum coin, someone is going to pay close to $1 trillion to get the platinum. It's not clear how that would get financed.

Producing platinum would be a nightmare
Let's say the Mint operates as it does in procuring gold and silver for bullion and coin collectors. It is required to buy from U.S. domiciled companies with the gold and silver produced in mines in the United States.

Platinum presents big problems.

It is really hard to find. It usually turns up as a tiny by-product of nickel and copper. Sometimes, it's a byproduct of gold.

Second, deposits are scattered randomly around the globe. U.S. platinum production is 6% of the global total. South Africa was the largest producer in 2011 with 145,000 kilograms -- 74% of the world's total.

So, to get the platinum would mean not just the higher prices noted above but almost surely a wild drive to find more platinum deposits.

Whole mountains literally would be removed in the search.

You can imagine the politics of that idea.

More on Money Now

Jan 7, 2013 4:56PM

The Democrat who proposed this is an embarrassment.


The only thing that would have saved this country is repealing Obamacare and a Balanced Budget Amendment, a.k.a the Tea Party taking power.  We can only hope it is not too late.


Jan 7, 2013 4:56PM
oh the schemes that lib idiots try to come with to undo the damage they oh so know how to do well, of course such a coin would literally be worth 3bucks, not a ridiculous trillion dollars! such ridiculous  nonsense!!!!! meanwhile that pig muslim marxist communist in chief nominated hagel to be defense sec, hmm, gee another anti Semite to add to the long list of anti SEmites and anti Israel douchbags, fancy that
Jan 7, 2013 4:50PM

Actually FlingWing...I think Palladium and small amounts of Platinum were both used in Catalytic converters....Maybe not so much of the better nowadays...???


When all the car manufacturing was going great guns....

North American Palladium (PAL) Company was a pretty good investment....

They mined both and also a little Gold and Silver....

Seems where you find a couple of the first two you can find small amounts of Yellow and Silver..?

Jan 7, 2013 4:47PM
What's Next? A dimond coint worth 10 Trillion to fund the goverment spending !!!!! 
Jan 7, 2013 4:38PM
Jan 7, 2013 4:38PM
"So, if you're going to have a $1 trillion platinum coin, someone is going to pay close to $1 trillion to get the platinum. It's not clear how that would get financed."

I imagine the idiots who came up with this idea would suggest to just raise the deficit ceiling.
Jan 7, 2013 4:36PM
And yep, one of your elected officials came up with this ridiculous idea.

You people who voted for Jerome Nadler, D-NY, are idiots.

Jan 7, 2013 4:34PM
Studies, ACTUAL STUDIES have shown that the ONLY way out of this is to cut SPENDING.   

Obama says we don't have a spending problem.   Obama is an idiot.   We spend $7 million a MINUTE.   We spent $20 million on his Hawaii vacation.

Read and learn, something not possible if you are a liberal.

"Andrew Biggs, Kevin Hassett and Matt Jensen report that new research of 21 countries over the past 37 years shows that to reduce government debt, a major reduction of spending must be adopted instead of higher taxes. On average, successful fiscal consolidations consisted of 85 percent cuts in spending and anything less runs a high probability of failure."
Jan 7, 2013 4:32PM
A balance of spending cuts and REVENUE !!!! Is truly the only way to solve the DEBT from Congress... The Congress is the ones that have the check book... POTUS has the Armed Forces. Its called the US CONSTITUTION folks ..Ever read it ??? DUH....You cannot just cut... It wont work people no matter what any IDIOT says ...And the revenue is only to be used to pay down the debt........!!!!!! What Congress has no balls ...Heck they better grow some ... And real soon....
Jan 7, 2013 4:24PM
see where some people talk about the spending issue,  cut entitlements,  cut pork,  but not too many talk about our bloated defense budget,  the defense dept does create jobs, but what about all those overseas bases,  like 700 or so..close most of those down,  bring the troops home to protect our borders,  even the generals do not want more pentagon spending.  Cut back on foreign aid,  some of it goes into somebodys pocket anyway,  should be spending that foreign aid here.  And do something about corportations and some wealthy hiding their money in swiss banks,  cayman islands and other tax havens
Jan 7, 2013 4:19PM

So now we think we can hand China and Japan a coin in exchange for the US debt they hold?  Why not make a few for the citizens to give to the IRS?

And people wonder why the Tea Party is so pissed off?  No wonder China and Japan are una$$ing their dollar holdings so fast, and Germany asked for all of its gold back.


Can't balance a checkbook, can't pay down the debt, can't control spending, but we can make some funny money.  I wonder which cartoon character will be on the coin.

Jan 7, 2013 4:17PM

Well it's bee a very long time since our fiat currency(dollars) were backed by Gold or Silver...SO,

I wouldn't hold my breath....

I think I have read somewhere...??  It cost 1 1/2 - 2 cents to mint or produce a U.S. penny.?


Remember one time a bunch of drunk Soldiers on leave (weekend pass) pulled up to I guess the first guard station or post in front of the Ft. Knox Depository at Ft.Knox Military Res...?

These soldiers dressed in uniform wanted to know if they really had Gold inside the building and if they could see it ??......The Guards were not impressed and got agitated...Finally they drove off...

Today they would probably straff the car and kill everybody....We were lucky.

Jan 7, 2013 4:16PM
Don't try to tell me this is satire or sarcasm - it's just ignorance. Here's another view:

Jan 7, 2013 4:12PM
Funny how the Federal Reserve is a business company yet controls our countries economy and other around the world. So we as a country have to deposit a coin in a bank that swear no loyalty to our country. If we want to get out of debt we should buy the shares the Fed Reserve gave out in 1913 to its shareholders or stop doing business with them.
Jan 7, 2013 3:56PM
And apparently, Politicians do not have to understand economics.  Making a 1 trillion dollar coin would be the same as 'Printing Money'.  Granted most people think the government does this anyway, true, but in a very balanced way.  Any economist would tell you printing 1 trillion dollars would devalue the dollar to the point we would need all new bills (Million dollar bills)  in order to pay for our goods and services and forget about travelling to other countries.  The average middle class family couldn't afford a stick of gum in a country with a stable currency.

Politicians are fools. 

Jan 7, 2013 3:54PM
What makes me ecstatic is how we avoided "going over the cliff"  by giving NASCAR a $140 Million  tax break over 2 years.  Call me stupid!  That will help lower our national debt. NOT
Jan 7, 2013 3:53PM
Why do you people keep bringing up this incredibly STUPID topic?
Jan 7, 2013 3:45PM
Take this idea to a more reasonable step.  Open up mining in the United States.  Make a lot of "real metal" coins, and sell them on the open market.  The way the paper dollar is being devalued around the world, I am sure such coins would find a willing market.
Jan 7, 2013 3:39PM
OMG, printing or miniting new money just passes the buck.  We need to stop spending money we don't have.  I'd be willing to pay more taxes if they were fair (which is unlikely to happen with the politcians we have now) AND they are appropriate cuts in spending!  The sooner we startmaking some hard decisions, the sooner we're going to get out these doldrums we've been in.
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