Fed promises low rates until jobs picture improves

The central bank will buy more bonds to keep interest rates at ultra-low levels until unemployment drops below 6.5%. A goal is to try to offset any fiscal cliff effects. Stocks churn higher, then fade.

By Charley Blaine Dec 12, 2012 1:45PM
© Richard Drew/AP PhotoUpdated 4:27 p.m. ET

The Federal Reserve reaffirmed its commitment Wednesday to low interest rates for an indefinite period of time, a move that ensures low costs on mortgages, auto and business loans and government and corporate bonds.

The central bank agreed to keep the target on its federal funds rate -- the foundation on which all U.S. interest rates are built -- at 0% to 0.25%. And it agreed to expand dramatically its bond-buying programs to ensure that rates will, in fact, stay low.

More importantly, the Fed said that it will keep rates low as long as the national unemployment rate is above 6.5% and inflation is no more than a half-percentage point above its target range of 2% a year. This is the first time the Fed has tied its monetary policy to the unemployment rate.

Financial markets were pleasantly surprised by the move at first. What was a solid rally faded, however, into the close as markets picked up on Fed Chairman Ben Bernanke's worries about how the economy would be hurt if Congress and the White House can't agree on a plan to avoid the fiscal cliff. That is a combination of tax increases and spending cuts designed to reduce the deficit.

The Dow Jones industrials ($INDU) and Standard & Poor's 500 Index ($INX) were slightly ahead before the announcement and moved higher when the statement was released. The Dow rallied up as many as 81 points, but the blue chips lost all of the gain, finishing down 3 points to 13,245. 
The S&P 500 closed up 1 point 1,428. The Nasdaq Composite Index ($COMPX) was down 8 points to 3,014. The Nasdaq-100 Index ($NDX) was off 8 points to 2,675. Apple (AAPL) was a big reason for the Nasdaq-100's decline, falling $2.64 to $538.75.

Global markets had closed higher ahead of the decision.

Gold (-GC) moved up to $1,717.90 an ounce, a gain of $8.30. Crude oil (-CL) in New York settled at $86.77 a barrel, up 98 cents.

The central bank said the economy continued to expand "at a moderate pace." It noted, however, that job growth continues to be slow. The November unemployment rate was 7.7%, down from October's 7.9% but only because of a decline in the work force.

The Fed statement came at 12:30 p.m. ET. It was followed by a release of new Fed economic projections at 2 p.m, just before Bernanke's news conference began.

Payroll employment was up by a lukewarm 146,000 in November, just under the 2012 average of 150,000 jobs created every month. But jobs expanded at more than 230,000 a month in December 2011 and January and February 2012. 

The Fed's projections see unemployment hovering at current levels through the end of the year and falling slightly in 2013. The projections represent the views of the presidents of the 12 Federal Reserve banks and the 7 members of the Federal Reserve Board.

Growth in gross domestic product, the common measure of economic activity, were projected at 1.7% to 1.8% in 2012 and expand to 2.3% to 3% in 2013. Neither is an especially good growth rate.

One motivation in the Fed's thinking has been that it needs to try to offset the effects of the fiscal cliff set to kick in on Jan. 1 unless the Obama administration and Congress can agree to a deal. But Bernanke warned at his news conference that the Fed can not offset all the effects of the fiscal cliff provisions, which were part of a 2011 budget act.

Many economists believe that, if the government goes over the cliff, the result will be fewer jobs created as the economy sinks back into recession.

At his news conference Wednesday afternoon, Bernanke said the worries about the political problem are hurting the economy already. Businesses are deferring investment decisions and are holding back on hiring new workers. The Fed can mitigate some of the cliff's effects, Bernanke said, its overall set of tools won't be able offset all of the effects.

The odds of getting around the fiscal cliff appeared to be sinking on Wednesday. Democrats don't believe Republicans are serious about compromise and say the GOP will fight President Obama's proposal to boost tax rates on the most affluent Americans to the bitter end.

The president did agree, reports said, to consider lowering the top corporate income tax rate from 35%.

Republicans, meanwhile, complain that the Democrats aren't serious about cutting spending.

The noise Wednesday is that a deal won't be struck until after Christmas at the earliest.

The Fed's decision included an agreement to change what's been called Operation Twist. That's a program to sell short-term Treasury securities and buy longer-term issues. This will be replaced by a new program that the media have dubbed QE4 (short for Quantitative Easing, round 4) that buys in Treasury and mortgage-backed bonds at a rate of $45 billion a month that's not offset by sales of other securities. That goes with a program to buy mortgage-backed securities at a rate of $40 billion a month.

The decision to tie the Fed's stimulus to the unemployment rate was a new wrinkle to try to help the economy fully recover from the 2008-2009 financial crash. A 6.5% unemployment rate is not the Fed's goal, Bernanke said, but it's a signal that the Fed needs to start thinking about raising the cost of credit. The idea was formulated during the fall, Bernanke said. The Fed announced it on Wednesday because Bernanke was scheduled to hold a news conference.

The big question is if the bond-buying programs are having much effect on the domestic economy. Job creation is modest at best. GDP is probably growing at a rate of 2% or less.

Consumers increasingly are worried about the fiscal cliff and are giving hints they may curtail their own spending.

But auto sales have been showed solid gains all year, and many housing markets are beginning to expand thanks to low mortgage rates, declining inventories of foreclosed homes, and some confidence that job markets are stable.

There are two risks to the Fed's low-interest-rate policy. One is a new bout of inflation. The other is that companies and deal-makers will assume greater risks on selling bonds to finance new ventures.

More from Money Now

Dec 12, 2012 2:09PM
Are we talking about the real unemployment rate or the government's made up one?
Dec 12, 2012 2:16PM
85 billion a month, and no bounce in the market this time.  Maybe it was built in already or maybe we are seeing diminishing returns now that it is clear that there is no sustainable recovery going on.
Dec 12, 2012 3:16PM

So the first 3 QE's didn't help, operation twist didn't help, low rates haven't helped, so really it makes perfect sense to continue with more of the same stuff that hasn't worked ......right?

These actions are not about unemployment or the the economy they are about keeping the rates down so institutions can borrow for nothing and buy USA treasuries even with little return as they are paying no interest.  It is a scheme to fund itself and delay collapse a little longer.

Dec 12, 2012 2:44PM
They should put a picture of Bernanke next to the word "insanity" in the dictionary.
Taxing the rich as the President wants to do will pay for 2.19% of the Annual Debt.   Where will the other 98% monies come from to balance the budget?   It can only come from cutting spending or taxing the Middle class.   This President is the worse we have had since Jimmy..
Dec 12, 2012 2:24PM
Raising Taxes has always SLOWED down an economy in the past.  It's fantastic that we have the economy growing so fast that we need to SLOW it down.

Printing, Taxing, Borrowing and spending will not lead to prosperity.

But it is good to know we need to apply the breaks on the economy....
Dec 12, 2012 2:58PM
the fed does not create jobs. obama will not create jobs. these two guys are not for anybody but themselves and wall street. you people have been had. stop drinking the kool aide. we are japan. 10-20 years of slow growth. got it?
Dec 12, 2012 4:57PM

Why do people so easily fall for propaganda, blame some small group or minority for all of your problems, it has always worked down through history and here we go again. Tax the rich, great propaganda line keeps us from focusing on the real problem (JOBS). If the President gets his tax hike on those making over 250,000 a year it will run the country for 8 days at the current rate of spending. What are we suppose to do for the 357 days that remain. We need to figure out how to get the big corporations to bring back our jobs. They already have all the tax codes rigged they are laughing at us because both parties work for them. All the stimulus plans are just delaying the

inevitable collapse. 

Dec 12, 2012 5:55PM

More money printed out of thin air to buy bonds, it's called debt monetization for people who are not up on economics. This is the last  vestige of a dying economy and typically only resorted to by banana republics. The reason that this criminal private banking cabal known as the "Fed" can't raise interest rates is that the U.S. would default on higher interest payments on the national debt and debt based money in circulation. Last year alone the interest payment owed to the 'Fed" was over 470 billion for the year.  Nearly all income taxes extorted from the public goes to debt payments rather than making our lives better. Remember folks, the banksters always get paid even if it means us getting the the shaft with austerity. The future is looking very bleak for the common man, get out of the country if you have the means to do so.

Dec 12, 2012 4:02PM








Dec 12, 2012 2:50PM
Gee only 4 years, 2 months until unemployment really starts to improve?   That's not too long to wait...

Dec 12, 2012 2:38PM

It won't be long until a wheelbarrow full of cash will purchase one loaf of bread, but the weight will be 14 oz instead of 16 oz.  Double jeopardy.  Cash will be king soon as these artificially low interest rates are not sustainable and China's economy will not be able to continue to finance our ballooning debt.


Selling short-term Treasury securities and buying longer-term debt issues is what clobbered the savings & loan industry in the 70's and 80's.  I know  - most of you do not remember this as you only know mortgage rates of 6.00% or less.  I was in the financial industry for 36 years. In 1981 a certificate of deposit for 30 months was paying 16.20% and a 30 year 1 year adjustable rate mortgage was 17.50% with 2% annual and 5% lifetime interest rate caps.  We are heading back to this era.


Better wear your seatbelt and hang on for some brutal times.

Dec 12, 2012 3:36PM
I thought Obsama said the unemployment rate was down to 7 percent, all politicians are liars and thieves, with the homeless population up 13 percent  they are considered employed.
Dec 12, 2012 2:00PM
there goes your 12/12/12 end of the world. Take note of the prices in the grocery store and check back soon
Dec 12, 2012 4:07PM
The feeling I am getting when considering the political handling of the economy and budgets by the politicians is exactly what I feel before my opponent in Chess says CHECKMATE. 
Dec 12, 2012 6:53PM

hey America get with the program!!! welfare for you all!!! don't work? no problemo!!! why just saunter up to your nearest welfare handout establishment and get a new phone!!! food stamps!!! plasma TV!!! oh hell, it's not fair white folks got dem fancy shmancy BMW's and such, so Bimmer's for all my niggaz!!!!, or Benz's, or Bentlys's whateva!! whateva my niggaz!!! whatchu want?? I gots dis!! I got's dis!!! I'm barrack hussein osama and I got's dis!!! why they stole 'em from you to begin with!!! the rich stole from the poor!! yea, sure right, straight up, stole from the poor 'ol poor!!!


ah... ( meanwhile in realityland ) oh that's right, the poor hand nothin' to begin with and when Romney said he'd get people back to work, they said, fckkk that!! gimme that ol stash of obama's!!


all kiddin' aside though people, we're sooooooo fcked right now, it's kinda like a delayed reaction, we're sooooooo fcked, that it hasn't hit the pain centers of our brains yet, right now the shock, and then the pain, much like workin' out a bit too much, you don't feel the muscle aches until 'bout 24 to 48hrs later heh, but that's a good pain, but this? what's goin' on right now in this country, is beyond a complete disaster, think we need new words to describe this armageddon!

Dec 12, 2012 4:37PM
The end of extended unemployment benefits when we go over the cliff will cause the unemployment rate to appear better and Bennie will stop QE.......... LOL... what a bunch of quacks.
Dec 12, 2012 6:08PM

The DC thugs (Unions) including Bam-Bam and Bernake are getting closer to really destroy the US.

I can see soon that we will be filled with POT smoke everywhere...just wonder how many times Obama is inhaling...?




Dec 12, 2012 3:11PM
How does the job picture improve with a hiring blockade? Aren't the buyers of the Fed bonds the same people who were supposed to jump start the economy with the last QE and tax cuts?
Dec 12, 2012 4:43PM

Obummer to Bennie......... How do we get out of this QE addiction Wall Street has?

Bennie to Bummer ..... Well I will say we will keep it up until the employment picture gets better and you drive us off the cliff so the unemployment numbers will appear to be better.


Good... gottcha

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