3/14/2013 2:30 PM ET|
10 states that gouge the unemployed
These states distribute unemployment benefits through prepaid cards that often carry high fees. But there is a fairer system.
Right now some 4.3 million Americans receive unemployment benefits. And right now, in many states a big chunk of those unemployment benefits are going straight to the bottom-line profits of the nation's biggest banks because of junk fees tied to the prepaid cards used to distribute these funds.
While we can't take banks entirely out of the process, it's critical they get a smaller piece of the pie. We can certainly provide a more direct conduit for our tax dollars to get into the pockets of the unemployed. It would be one thing if banks were mandated to use the profits from junk fees to hire more people, but they aren't. As much money as possible should go to regular Americans, so their spending can help put the economy back on track.
Most states now provide unemployment benefits to workers using prepaid debit cards. While some states have more lenient rules than others, most states allow banks to load these cards with hidden junk fees, according to a recent study by the National Consumer Law Center. In California, one of the states with better rules around junk fees, unemployed workers lose $1.8 million every year on their state-issued prepaid debit cards. That's $1.8 million more in Bank of America's profit column, and $1.8 million less for families to cover necessities such as rent, gasoline and food.
If you take a look at the way the following states allow unemployment benefits to be nickeled and dimed by megabank prepaid card programs you will see why it's time to change the system:
- Alaska: JPMorgan Chase charges $5 every time cardholders talk to a teller, $1.50 to withdraw money from an ATM more than once week and 35 cents just to call the automated customer service line. Chase even charges 40 cents to check the card balance from the bank's own ATM.
- Minnesota: U.S. Bank gets $3 every time a cardholder calls the bank's customer service department, after one free call per month.
- Iowa: Wells Fargo charges unemployment recipients 50 cents every time they check their balance, plus another 50 cents every time a transaction is denied for insufficient funds.
- Maine: Chase charges 25 cents every time an unemployment recipient uses his or her debit card to make a purchase at a store using a PIN.
- Ohio: U.S. Bank's 750 in-network ATMs charge no fees, but 16 counties in that state don't have a single U.S. Bank ATM. Vinton and Clinton Counties, in the southern part of the state, have some of the highest jobless rates in Ohio, lingering between 12.6% and 15%. Neither county has an ATM those unemployed people can use for free.
It gets worse. The Electronic Funds Transfer Act (EFTA) mandates that consumers must have the choice between a check, direct deposit and a prepaid debit card.
Five states may currently be in violation of that law: California, Indiana, Kansas, Maryland and Nevada. These states force unemployed workers into debit card programs, according to the National Consumer Law Center study. Three of those states -- California, Kansas and Maryland -- allow workers to set up automatic transfers from prepaid cards to their own bank accounts. In practice, less than 25% of recipients of unemployment benefits take advantage of this feature. Perhaps that's because these transfers can take up to four days, enough time to cause a crisis for families already trying to survive on a fraction of their former wages.
Nevada and Indiana offer prepaid debit cards with all the hidden fees. No direct deposit. No paper checks. No fee-less transfer into your bank account.
It almost seems as though the states are shilling for the banks. Regardless of intent, these state-mandated arrangements force people (who already don't have enough to get by) to pay hidden fees with little guidance on the matter. But riddle me this: Why should states allow banks to treat the prepaid cards issued to the unemployed like their own personal piggy banks?
We must do better. In its report, the National Consumer Law Center recommends many different ways that government could make unemployment benefits more efficient and less costly for recipients. Their suggestions include making direct deposits into workers' bank accounts the first option for delivering unemployment benefits, mandating that all banks allow at least one free ATM withdrawal and teller withdrawal per pay period and eliminating fees for balance inquiries and customer service. These are good ideas, and unemployed families would be well served if states implemented them.
The good news is that we already know how to help families while drastically reducing the role of banks in the process. The Food Stamp program, now officially called the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP), has been transitioning from coupons to prepaid debit cards in recent years. Nearly $73 billion worth of food aid was delivered to needy families using such cards in 2011, according to a study by the Federal Reserve.
Banks are involved in the process because they issue the cards, but under the SNAP program, which accounts for 73% of all government funds disbursed by prepaid cards, issuers are prohibited from charging fees to cardholders. Other federal programs also disburse benefits using prepaid cards, including Temporary Assistance to Needy Families. For these programs, banks are allowed to charge fees, but they are modest. On average, ATM withdrawals and card purchases cost about 1.1% of each transaction's value. State-run prepaid debit card programs take a similarly small slice of each transaction, and ATM fees associated are even lower, totaling .3% of the average transaction's value.
This makes sense. Banks have costs. ATMs and in-store payment machines require constant maintenance, and each transaction costs banks a small amount to process. Federal and state programs that use those networks should contribute their fair share. No one gets a free ride, and no one gets ripped off. Unlike the current situation with unemployment benefits, the cooperation between government programs and bank-run infrastructure should not be an excuse to gouge.
We should extend the model of SNAP and other successful, low-cost debit card programs to unemployment benefits. Using its giant purchasing power as a bargaining chip, the federal government should negotiate with banks to set a ceiling for fees on unemployment benefit prepaid cards, even as states remain responsible for making the actual payments. These limits should be akin to the fees already in place for SNAP, averaging about 1% of each transaction's value.
This approach would give banks steady, predictable and fair compensation for use of their systems. And it would protect jobless workers from high fees, unexpected traps and hidden tricks that currently bleed millions of dollars every year from their already depleted finances.
We can make unemployment benefits fairer for everyone, and we can do it without reinventing the wheel. Let's use the tools we already have to put more money back into jobless workers' pockets -- and back into the economy.
Adam Levin, former director of the New Jersey Division of Consumer Affairs, is chairman and co-founder of Credit.com.
More from Credit.com:
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Why use a bank like BofA to handle the unemployment funds? the profit merely goes to the east coast. Recommendation:
Why not use local banks and credit unions?
Govenment efficiency has always baffled me. They charge Social Security recipients too because The US requires them to direct deposit their monthly checks. Banks, insurance companies, investment service companies all practice "legal coersion" everyday cheating their customers out of millions of dollars.
My guess is the banks kick back a substantial amount of the fees to the states in order to get the business. The state selects a bank, the bank kicks back, both win while the unemployed are left paying the cost.
Require Banks to stop charging people for these items----The banks would accumulate charges and bill each state quarterly.
Imagine government in bed with banks and big money!!! WHO would ever have thought this was possible? Say it isn't so!
Instead of taking over healthcare why doesn't the government take over banking and mortgages, make sure all people whether they can afford or not, can get a mortgage.
Lets start in Chicago, we can call it ACORN.
Then when it fails we can make the crooked lawyer, with no credentials President of the US, just because he's black!!
Arizona has made it so hard to apply you might as well just hang yourself.Besides this right
to work Nazi system that doesn`t believe in paying in the first place.
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