Plight of young black men worse than you think
The race gap remains wide in employment, income, wealth and health, and the nation's first African-American president hasn't been much help.
The U.S. has the highest incarceration rate of any wealthy nation, with about 2.3 million people behind bars at any given moment. (That's 730 out of 100,000, vs. just 154 for England and Wales.) There are more people in U.S. prisons than are in the country's active-duty military. That much is well known. What's less known is that people who are incarcerated are excluded from most surveys by U.S. statistical agencies. Since young black men are disproportionately likely to be in jail or prison, the exclusion of penal institutions from the statistics makes their jobs situation look better than it really is.
That's the point of a new book, "Invisible Men: Mass Incarceration and the Myth of Black Progress," by Becky Pettit, a professor of sociology at the University of Washington. Pettit spoke on Thursday in a telephone press conference.
On the day Barack Obama was inaugurated in 2009, Pettit said, "There was hope that perhaps the U.S. was becoming a post-racial society." But it wasn't true then, and it's not true now. The gap between blacks and whites remains wide in employment, income, wealth, and health. And as Bloomberg's David J. Lynch reported earlier this month: "The nation's first African-American president hasn't done much for African-Americans."
The unemployment rate and the employment-to-population ratio reported by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics are based on a survey of households—people "who are not inmates of institutions (for example, penal and mental facilities and homes for the aged) and who are not on active duty in the Armed Forces."
The reported figures are bad enough. The employment/population ratio for black males aged 16-24 was 33 percent in August, vs. 52 percent for white males of the same age group. But the black number is skewed upward by the exclusion of jail and prison inmates. The white number is also skewed upward, but less so because a smaller share of young white males are incarcerated.
"We've developed a distorted idea" of how young, black men are faring, Pettit told reporters on the call, which was hosted by the book's publisher, the Russell Sage Foundation. The BLS methodology didn't begin to distort the statistics until the mid-1970s, when the incarceration boom began.
I asked Pettit how this problem can be solved. The first thing she recommended was doing more to help young, black men get an education, since there is a strong link between failure in school and a life of crime and imprisonment.
A further idea is to reduce the penalties for nonviolent drug crimes, recommended another academic on the call, Ernest Drucker, who is a scholar in residence and senior research associate at John Jay College of Criminal Justice and adjunct professor of epidemiology at Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health. Imprisoning people for drug offenses can damage their ability to earn a living for the rest of their lives, dooming them to a life of poverty and recidivism, said Drucker, author of A Plague of Prisons.
Inimai Chettiar, the third speaker on the conference call, would go a step further and decriminalize acts like "turnstile jumping"—i.e., getting into the subway system without paying. Chettiar is director of the Justice Program at the Brennan Center for Justice at New York University School of Law.
The popular "broken windows" theory of policing says that cracking down hard on minor crimes creates an atmosphere of law and order that helps prevent more serious crimes like robbery, rape, and murder. So Chettiar and others are fighting an uphill battle with their decriminalization argument.
There's no question, though, that the plight of young, black men is even worse than the statistics generally show.
More from Businessweek
THANKS DEMOCRATS YEARS OF THEIR SLAVERY AGENDA!
KEEP THEM ON FOODSTAMPS, WELFARE, DRUGS ETC...
AND NOW OBAMA THE DICKTATOR SOCIALIST! HE'S REALLY
HELPING THE BLACK PEOPLE GET OUT OF POVERTY! NOW
HE'S GOT MORE WHITE PEOPLE BRAINWASHED AND ON
THE BANDWAGON MEANS LESS FOR THE POOR BLACKS!
SEE HOW SOCIALISM WORKS PEOPLE?
OK let's look at this statement right from the article
"I asked Pettit how this problem can be solved. The first thing she recommended was doing more to help young, black men get an education, since there is a strong link between failure in school and a life of crime and imprisonment."
Let make this clear---young blacks have good access to education and better access to a college education than most whites since there is lots of programs for minorities and few if any for average white students.
Young black men have one problem --- thier parents. Welfare tore apart the family social structure in the urban areas and nothing has replaced it other than gangs----that is the problem.
Now, fix that
What would Obama know firsthand about the American "black situation"? That African portion of his essence never experienced much if any of the "black situation". His ancestry probably waved bon voyage to those enslaved as they left Africa. Obama himself was largely raised abroad and when in America was educated in ivory tower institutions where only the upper crust American youths are educated.
The black community represents only a stepping stone to his next term. Like any stepping stone when the trek continues the stepping stones are easily forgotten.
Another article about young black men?
Let's talk about trucks. I like trucks!
It's not the president's job to help one race over another. He can only create and effect policy the sooner blacks realize this the better. The GOP wouldn't go for any legislation helping minorities anyways. Plus blacks need to stand up for themselves.
Cry me a river.The whole country is in the crapper.I dont like the fact that americans are broken up into groups,blacks,mexicans.
He has sold his peoples souls into an addiction that EVERYONE knows the drug dealer will not be able to provide for long, with the eventual cold turkey withdrawals NOT REALLY HIS PROBLEM AFTER HIS SECOND TERM IS HANDED TO HIM.
Welfare, of every kind is a sinking ship, already fully paid for with ONLY borrowed money, its' limitations are brutally close to an end, leaving those who have been continually rewarded for incompetence as human beings, not even able to feed, clothe, shelter, provide healthcare, schooling, or even security among themselves, will be as dangerous children dropped into the new harsh world, already fully drained of all charitable goods, and deeds! ............... Bon Appetit, Mother Fckers!
Copyright © 2013 Microsoft. All rights reserved.
Fundamental company data and historical chart data provided by Morningstar Inc. Real-time index quotes and delayed quotes supplied by Morningstar Inc. Quotes delayed by up to 15 minutes, except where indicated otherwise. Fund summary, fund performance and dividend data provided by Morningstar Inc. Analyst recommendations provided by Zacks Investment Research. StockScouter data provided by Verus Analytics. IPO data provided by Hoover's Inc. Index membership data provided by Morningstar Inc.
Breaking up big banks is an untested solution to the too big to fail problem that attempts to isolate and dismantle large, troubled institutions while protecting the rest of the economy.
VIDEO ON MSN MONEY
More Market News
|There’s a problem getting this information right now. Please try again later.|