Self-employed? Consider a solo 401k
The higher contribution limits make this plan an excellent retirement savings option, and it's easy to set up.
If you've learned the many advantages of a Roth IRA and the importance of saving, even during these economically challenging times, it's worth hearing about a lesser-known plan: the solo 401k, possibly the best way for a young business owner or self-employed person to save for retirement.
With the job market weak over the past couple of years, many of you may have chosen to start your own business or become self-employed. If so, the solo 401k, also known as the individual 401k, is a plan worth looking into if your goal is to maximize your retirement savings. Post continues after video.
If you have a sole proprietorship, partnership, LLC or corporation, you would qualify for a solo 401k as long as you have no employees other than yourself or a spouse. For a young married couple, this is a tremendous advantage, and the potential for retirement savings is significant.
The biggest advantage of the solo 401k is the contribution limits, which are generally much higher than other qualified retirement plans, such as a Simple IRA or SEP IRA, due to the way the contribution amount is calculated. Similar to a regular 401k, you can elect to defer up to $16,500 of your pretax income to the plan ($22,000 if you are 50 or older). In addition, as the employer of the company, you can make a profit-sharing contribution based upon a percentage of your earnings, for a total maximum contribution of $49,000 annually (or $54,500 if age 50 or older).
Let's say you are a sole owner of an incorporated business with net earnings of $25,000 and self-employment income of $23,249. In this case, you would be able defer the maximum of $16,500 to a solo 401k. You also would be able to make a profit-sharing contribution of up to 20% of your self-employment income, or $4,650. The result would be a total annual contribution of $21,150 for retirement savings.
Compare this with what you'd be able to defer with other retirement plans. Using the same scenario, you would be able to contribute only $12,177 to a Simple IRA, $4,650 to a SEP and only $2,420 to a defined benefit plan.
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Certainly, for leaner years when you might need the additional cash, you likely will not contribute the maximum allowed and, under this plan, may elect the contribution amount each year. Solo 401k plans also usually permit loans, generally up to a maximum of $50,000 -- an attractive feature for a young person or couple wanting to start saving for retirement but preferring to keep some funds available for emergency use.
Bottom line: For a self-employed professional or individual business owner, it's worth considering a solo 401k as an easy, effective and flexible way to maximize your retirement savings.
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