10 states hardest hit by unemployment crunch

Unless Congress extends benefits once again, hundreds of thousands of long-time unemployed Americans will stop getting unemployment checks. These are the states with the most residents facing the cutoff.

By 247 Wall St. Dec 5, 2012 3:18PM

 Image: Unemployment line up © BananaStock/SuperStockBy Samuel Weigley, 24/7 Wall St.


During the Great Recession, the U.S. unemployment rate reached double digits, triggering government aid programs to help those seriously affected. The labor market 24/7 Wall St.has much improved, and the unemployment rate fell to 7.9% in October. But 12.3 million active job seekers remain unemployed in the U.S. Approximately 5 million of those, or 40%, are defined as long-term unemployed, meaning they have been out of a job for at least 26 weeks.


Most states provide 26 weeks worth of unemployment benefits. During the recession, Congress extended the benefit through the Emergency Unemployment Compensation program and Extended Benefit program, although the latter has been curtailed in 2012. Together, these programs provide up to 99 weeks of benefits for the unemployed.


At 24/7 Wall St.: The best and worst run states in America


While Congress has extended these programs in the past. Payments could stop at the end of this year unless it acts again, cutting off insurance for 2 million people, according to the National Employment Law Project. 24/7 Wall St. reviewed the 10 states where the most people would lose unemployment benefits.


Extending federal unemployment insurance for another would cost about $30 billion, according to George Wentworth, a senior staff attorney with NELP. However, each $1 spent on these benefits, he said, generates between $1.60 and $2 in economic activity.


"Unemployment insurance is always one of the most dynamic stimulus initiatives you can implement," Wentworth said in an interview. "People who receive unemployment insurance invariably put it right back into the economy."


A majority of the states with the most residents on the verge of losing benefits are among the most populous states, but not all. Some of the less populous states have disproportionately high numbers of people standing to lose unemployment benefits compared to their population, while some very populous states have a comparatively low number.


In general, the states on this list suffer from high unemployment. All but one had a higher unemployment rate in October than the national rate. Six states had among the 10 highest unemployment rates in the country. California, the state with the most people that stand to lose benefits, had the third-highest unemployment rate in the country in October, at 10.1%.


Based on data provided by NELP, 24/7 Wall St. identified the 10 states with the most workers who stand to lose unemployment benefits after the week of Dec. 29. We included in our analysis state unemployment rates from October, compared to 12 months prior. All unemployment data came from the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. We also considered a state’s population for 2011, from the U.S. Census Bureau.


At 24/7 Wall St.: America's poorest states


These are the 10 states with the most people about to lose unemployment checks.


 1. California


·         Number to lose benefits: 362,800


·         Population: 37,691,912 (the highest)


·         Unemployment rate: 10.1% (3rd highest)


California, like other Western states such as Nevada and Arizona, was hit especially hard by the housing downturn, which contributed to higher unemployment. California is also one of just three states with unemployment above 10% -- more than three years after the official end of the recession. A study published in early 2012 by economists at University of California-Los Angeles noted that California’s unemployment rate is expected to remain above pre-recession levels until 2016, according to the Los Angeles Times. The good news for California residents is that jobs will come back to the state at a faster rate than the country as a whole, led by a strong technology sector in Silicon Valley.


2. New York


·         Number to lose benefits: 204,100


·         Population: 19,465,197 (3rd highest)


·         Unemployment rate: 8.7% (11th highest)


New York’s unemployment rate from October 2011 to the following year grew a national-high of half a percentage point, while the rate was falling in most states. Because unemployment has been rising in the state, out-of-work New Yorkers are entitled to an additional 20 weeks of extended benefits along with the traditional emergency unemployment compensation. But those benefits will lapse along with the traditional benefits if Congress doesn’t extend unemployment insurance.


3. New Jersey


·         Number to lose benefits: 119,600


·         Population: 8,821,155 (11th highest)


·         Unemployment rate: 9.7% (4th highest)


The nearly 120,000 New Jerseyans who will be cut off from unemployment insurance is particularly high given that the state is even among the nation's top 10 in terms of population. The state’s unemployment rate of 9.7% in October 2012 is up from 9.3% at the same time last year. The administration of Gov. Chris Christie has questioned the validity of the unemployment figures, especially when the number of jobs has increased by 50,000 in the last year. While the unemployed continue to face hardship, New Jersey is trying to help. It was the first state to enact a law that banned job advertisements discriminating against the unemployed.


4. Pennsylvania


·         Number to lose benefits: 115,300


·         Population: 12,742,886 (6th highest)


·         Unemployment rate: 8.1% (20th highest)


Relative to its population, Pennsylvania will be hit especially hard by the end of federal unemployment benefits. Pennsylvania had an unemployment rate below the national rate throughout most of the economic downturn. However, its unemployment rate grew every month from May to September, even as the national rate fell during that time. While total employment grew 0.8% between October 2011 and October 2012, it fell in sectors such as construction and government, the second-largest sector in Pennsylvania according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics.


5. Georgia


·         Number to lose benefits: 114,800


·         Population: 9,815,210 (9th highest)


·         Unemployment rate: 8.7% (10th highest)


Due to federal changes to unemployment insurance, Georgians were only eligible for about 54 weeks of unemployment insurance in October 2012, just over half of the 99 weeks available in the same month last year. Since the unemployment rate fell below 9% in April and May, some unemployed Georgians had their benefits cut at the time. However, last month the state’s Department of Labor notified approximately 13,000 unemployed Georgians that up to 10 weeks of additional unemployment benefits would be available since the unemployment rate for each of the summer months was at least 9%.


At 24/7 Wall St.: The 12 companies paying Americans the least


6. Florida


·         Number to lose benefits: 113,900


·         Population: 19,057,542 (4th highest)


·         Unemployment rate: 8.5% (14th highest)


Fortunately, Florida’s labor market has improved tremendously over the past year. The state’s unemployment rate was 10.2% in October 2011, the sixth-highest of all states, as Florida was reeling from the effects of the housing downturn. Although the rate has dropped to a much lower 8.5% in October, it was still significantly higher than the 7.9% unemployment for the country. Those unemployed in Florida tend to be unemployed for a long time too. According to a Brookings Institute study, 53.4% of the unemployed in 2011 were out of work for a minimum of six months, the highest-rate of all states.


7. Texas


·         Number to lose benefits: 110,400


·         Population: 25,674,681 (2nd highest)


·         Unemployment rate: 6.6% (16th lowest)


Although 110,400 unemployed Texans are slated to lose benefits by the end of the year, this number is not high considering that Texas is the second most-populous state. And while the state’s unemployment rate was low compared to the country’s rate, that doesn’t mean Texans have good jobs. In 2011, 8% of all hourly paid workers in the state made the federal minimum wage or less -- higher than the 5.2% of workers nationwide. Also, more than a quarter of Texas residents didn’t have health insurance, according to an August study by Gallup. This was the highest rate in the country.


8. Michigan


·         Number to lose benefits: 92,900


·         Population: 9,876,187 (8th highest)


·         Unemployment rate: 9.1% (6th highest)


Michigan has come a long way from its low during the height of the recession when it was hit by both the housing downturn and the near-collapse of the automobile industry. In the summer of 2009, unemployment in the state topped 15%. Although that number has gone down substantially since, Michigan is still just one of a handful of states with an unemployment rate above 9%. In March, Gov. Rick Snyder launched an initiative known as Community Ventures, a public-private venture connecting the unemployed with employers in Michigan communities.


9. Illinois


·         Number to lose benefits: 88,800


·         Population: 12,869,259 (5th highest)


·         Unemployment rate: 8.8% (9th highest)


Illinois was just one of four states in 2011 where at least 50% of the unemployed population has been out of work for at least six months, according to a study released by the Brookings Institute in January. Although the state’s unemployment situation has improved this year, the October unemployment rate was almost one percentage point higher than the national rate. But the long-term unemployed in Illinois -- along with several other states -- were cut off from the Extended Benefit Program in May due to better employment prospects, reducing unemployment benefits for these workers by 20 weeks.


10. North Carolina


·         Number to lose benefits: 77,100


·         Population: 9,656,401 (10th highest)


·         Unemployment rate: 9.3% (5th highest)


While North Carolina’s unemployment rate declined significantly from 10.6% in October 2011 to 9.3% last month, it remained considerably higher than the national rate of 7.9%. More than 77,000 people in the state could lose their unemployment benefits by the end of 2012. And that is on top of the 22,500 who were cut off from the Extended Benefit program back in May. The end of Extended Benefit means that unemployed North Carolinians are only eligible for 73 weeks of benefits as of May, compared to 99 weeks previously.


At 24/7 Wall St.: Nine beers Americans no longer drink



Dec 5, 2012 6:00PM
So what they're saying is, the unemployment numbers will be going down again, because of more people leaving the benefit ranks....
Dec 5, 2012 6:08PM
California, arguably the most liberal, progressive state in the country, for years, and look where it's gotten them.
Dec 5, 2012 5:30PM
Well three months after everyone DROPS OFF THE UNEMPLOYMENT STATISTICS,
This administration will say see, Unemployment has gone down,
Good for the unemployment statistics in saying the Economy has been getting better. when it really hasn't. 

Worse thing they go do is stop the Extensions!
Dec 5, 2012 5:30PM
Yeah, but if they allow the benefits to expire, that means 2 million less people on unmployment which will provide an improvement to the unemployment rate!  We've seen this already provide the benefit of reducing unemployment to 7.9% - so why not let it improve to 6%!
Dec 5, 2012 8:14PM





Dec 5, 2012 5:03PM
Thats ok gang The prez sez things are gonna be ok
Dec 6, 2012 1:10AM
So when we have millions of Americans whose benefits have run out, their savings are all gone, they've lost their homes, exhausted all resources of family and friends for shelter and food what will happen???? Mass murder/suicides, children being abandoned on the streets, in churches, police stations etc.. Millions living on the streets????? Will the government then begin building homeless camps across the country???? Who is going to address this as it becomes an American crisis situation???? We're never prepared for homelessness after natural disasters. What about this up and coming man made disaster????????
Dec 5, 2012 11:22PM
obama SOLD the people  a line of B.S they believed it and voted for an illegal jerk.  He is the ONE who is running the country into debt that can never be paid!  WISE UP!!
Dec 5, 2012 11:14PM
3 Red States 7 Blue States go figure.
Dec 5, 2012 8:30PM
From what I understand, unemployment is calculated more accurately in Europe.  The books get cooked here in America.  That being said, I think that unemployment should be privatized here.  If that were done, you could buy an insurance policy for whatever you want, which would be better in my opinion as you could then collect for as long as you want, provided you ponied up on the premium.
Dec 5, 2012 7:47PM

How about they take some job, any job?  My daughter and son-in-law lived in Dallas and neither of them had any trouble finding jobs.  She has an Associate degree and he's a mechanic.  They made decent money and had full benefits. 


Some of these people seem to think that if they can't find a job as good or better than their old job that it's beneath them to take it.  That's crap.  If you can't find a job where you live, then pack up and move.  Heck, they're paying 15/hr to work at McDonalds in a lot of towns in North Dakota.  Work in the oil fields and you can make 6 figures/year.

Dec 6, 2012 12:50AM

Stop the unemployment extensions!  See how fast someone will work at those jobs they think they're better than.  Get some pride people.  51% voted for socialism, how's that workin out for ya...

Dec 5, 2012 5:48PM
There are a lot of job in this country that pay pretty good, cut the unemployment benifts so we can fill  these posistions finally.
Dec 5, 2012 7:40PM

Be patient America.

When the defense cuts take effect on 01 January 2013 there will be a huge need for new door kickers required in Ascrackistan. Minimum education requirements. Past drug use ok. Apply at your local recruiter. Good luck.

Dec 5, 2012 11:06PM

Who ever heard of 99 weeks of unemployment.

No wonder UPS can't find workers.

I don't know why were trillions in debt. Not hard to see how obama won.

Dec 6, 2012 9:09AM
It seems to me that the ONLY solution to this, is to terminate the hired-in management and release the Board Directors from all non-Founder run businesses in America and recover all the jobs lost. These pariah at the top are destroying us. There is no TALENT among them, only corruption.
Dec 6, 2012 9:16AM
Resentment. Anger. Division. Waste. Greed. Unjustified distribution. Political hostage taking. Debt. Entrenched wealth. Protected interests. They have us fighting each other while the rich live the big life. It's not the first time this has happened (See T. Roosevelt admin). The good news is the people, if they can resist fighting each other, have the last say. For now, the rich are in charge. The rich own the legislature. The rich buy elections. The rich own the media. When the people realize that the device known as TAXATION when properly used, shifts wealth back to the center of the bell curve. When regulation is designed NOT TO PROTECT SPECIAL INTERESTS but to open opportunity for wider access, then the people are served. At that point the people, as the legitimate definition of American political authority, have to be wise enough to control its population, use taxation properly, keep opportunity within the fair grasp of everyone. This can't happen while they have us fighting each other over scraps like unemployment compensation. 
Dec 6, 2012 9:08AM
I believe many of these states have problem attracting business because of gang problems in some areas.  The police, judicial system and the Congress need to make and enforce gang activities. That would in it's seft would help bring business to some of the hard hit areas. That's why I disagree with legalizing drugs, because the youth have been aware that it's easier to make money selling illegal drugs than to work a job.
Please help us to maintain a healthy and vibrant community by reporting any illegal or inappropriate behavior. If you believe a message violates theCode of Conductplease use this form to notify the moderators. They will investigate your report and take appropriate action. If necessary, they report all illegal activity to the proper authorities.
100 character limit
Are you sure you want to delete this comment?


Copyright © 2014 Microsoft. All rights reserved.

Fundamental company data and historical chart data provided by Morningstar Inc. Real-time index quotes and delayed quotes supplied by Morningstar Inc. Quotes delayed by up to 15 minutes, except where indicated otherwise. Fund summary, fund performance and dividend data provided by Morningstar Inc. Analyst recommendations provided by Zacks Investment Research. StockScouter data provided by Verus Analytics. IPO data provided by Hoover's Inc. Index membership data provided by Morningstar Inc.