Food 'expiration dates' are often meaningless
Confusion over food labeling results in the waste of $165 billion worth of food every year. A new study calls for uniform federal standards.
(a) Throw it out -- it could be poison!
(b) Use it if it smells OK.
The correct answer is generally (b) -- but those of you who answered (a) are in the majority. Misunderstandings over what are commonly (and incorrectly) known as "expiration dates" result in the waste of $165 billion worth of food every year, according to a new study from the Harvard Food Law and Policy Center and the National Resources Defense Council.
Consumers and businesses "needlessly trash billions of pounds of food every year as a result of America's dizzying array of (labeling) practices, which need to be standardized and clarified," study authors say.
"Sell-by," "use-by" and "best-by" dates are used for inventory or to indicate quality rather than safety. Not everyone knows that, however.
According to The Washington Post, 91% of consumers toss food that's past its "expiration" date at least some of the time -- and 25% say they always do.
This confusion is understandable, since no uniform system for dating food exists in the United States. In fact, there's no federal requirement that comestibles be dated at all, except for baby food and formula.
Dana Gunders, an NRDC scientist, told The Post that what we have is "an ineffective, ridiculous system that isn't serving anyone."
"It costs manufacturers money," Gunders says. "It costs consumers money. It leads us to throw food away unnecessarily."
'No industry agreement'
Labels you're likely to see, and their general meanings, include:
- "Best by": This relates to quality, e.g., canned applesauce that's good until Aug. 2014 will probably taste fresher than applesauce dated "Dec. 2012." Then again, you might not notice the difference.
- "Sell by": This is an inventory issue, letting retailers know how long to display products.
- "Use by”: Sometimes it's exactly what it sounds like -- if a package of pork chops says "use by Sept. 26," then you need to use it or freeze it by then to avoid the possibility of spoilage. But sometimes the label on a shelf-stable item will say "best if used by," which once again is a peak-quality issue.
Confused yet? It gets better: According to The Post, "The meaning of those terms varies from product to product, and even among manufacturers of the same products, because there is no industry agreement on definitions and on which labels should be applied to which foods."Personally, I err on the side of frugality. I have drunk milk a month after its date and eaten canned pumpkin that was three years past its prime, and I didn't die. Not once.
Of course, not everyone's as hardcore as I am. But given how large a bite that groceries take from our paychecks, we ought to demand a consumer-friendly system of labeling.
The Politico reports that Rep. Nita Lowey (D-N.Y.) has tried since 1999 to get a Freshness Disclosure Act passed. She's planning to try again, citing the Harvard/NRDC study as evidence
"Consumers are unable to make informed choices," Lowey says.
'Reliable, coherent and uniform'
Study authors think so, too. Among other things, they call for:
- Setting up a "reliable, coherent and uniform" food dating system.
- Making "sell by" dates invisible to shoppers, as they "generate confusion and offer consumers no useful guidance once they have brought their purchases home."
- Adding safe handling instructions and "smart label" extras such as time-temperature indicators.
The authors also call on consumers to educate themselves about smarter food usage. I agree. While we do deserve a less-confusing system of labels, we also need to be savvier shoppers: creating menu-based shopping lists, buying only what we need, and learning best practices for food storage.
Oh, and making sure to utilize what's already in the fridge, pantry and freezer versus constantly buying items that never get used. Some food really does get old: Milk eventually sours, meats get freezer-burned, lettuce dissolves into green puddles in the produce drawer. And while shelf-stable items might not go "bad" as such, they’re a waste of money if they linger in the cupboard year after year.
Readers: Do you throw out "old" food?
More on MSN Money:
Last week I made a box of hamburger helper I found in the pantry. Didn't realize just how long I had it until I pulled off the Box Top for Education and realized that had expired lol those things usually expire two years after the product "expires"....I knew it had been in there awhile, but no biggie - still tasted good...
This seems to be more about Bogus Government concerns as opposed to commonsense. I see now why the emergency rooms are always full. People will literally eat anything and they are shocked when they get sick.
There are literally folks starving so I can't stand to see folks waste food on their plate. Of course, there are times when Food is bad before you even take it off the store shelf. Then you have to dispose of it the same day you buy or go back and get a refund or exchange.
I was a HEALTHY 50 year old before some idiot complained about buying some stale dried cereal in a store. That of course DEMANDED prevention!! (The stale cereal didn't even cause a stomach upset; that's why the idiot could still scream "INJUSTICE!". Eventually every producer of anything HAD to verify the length of time their product was SAFE. If it would normally be good for 25 years, it would be futile to wait 35 years to sell any more; so they made taste tests every day or week ; stopped testing, and verified that their product was good for the week; and that MEANT their tests were guaranteed only for that week. Of course, when all the inexperienced and uneducated consumers believed that nothing was still actually good after that date, all the producers actually doubled and trebled their income level; so they were happy with short testing times! Being raised on a farm, I knew from babyhood that milk soured. (It made buttermilk & butter) and was actually healthier than sweet milk! (BECAUSE THE ACID KILLED VIRULENT GERMS LIKE STREP AND PASTURELLA!) ((AA cheeses begin with sour milk too, and the older, the better most of the time. SO THERE! about expiration dates!
PASTURELLA THAT MIGHT HVE INFECTED THE COWS!!.
I'm a "tosser". If the current date is on, or past, the "best by", "use by" or "sell by" date, it's out...........
I'm too cautious, I know, but I don't want to take a chance on getting myself, or family/guests, sick.
Copyright © 2014 Microsoft. All rights reserved.
Fundamental company data and historical chart data provided by Morningstar Inc. Real-time index quotes and delayed quotes supplied by Morningstar Inc. Quotes delayed by up to 15 minutes, except where indicated otherwise. Fund summary, fund performance and dividend data provided by Morningstar Inc. Analyst recommendations provided by Zacks Investment Research. StockScouter data provided by Verus Analytics. IPO data provided by Hoover's Inc. Index membership data provided by Morningstar Inc.
ABOUT SMART SPENDING
LATEST BLOG POSTS
The new study is based on the review of credit files from TransUnion. Does the large number surprise you?
VIDEO ON MSN MONEY
BLOGS WE LIKE
MUST-SEE ON MSN
- Video: Easy DIY smoked meats at home
A charcuterie master shares his process for cold-smoking meat at home.
- Jetpacks about to go mainstream
- Weird things covered by home insurance
- Bing: 70 percent of adults report 'digital eye strain'