Obamacare deadline looms for buying individual health insurance
Insurance seekers who fail to enroll by March 31 may have to wait months for the next enrollment period.
If you haven't bought health insurance yet, it's time to panic. You have until March 31 to buy coverage or you may have to pay a penalty when you file your 2014 taxes next year.
The Affordable Care Act requires most everyone who can afford health insurance to be covered by April 1 or pay a penalty. That penalty could be a maximum of $285 for a family of four or up to 1 percent of the family income, whichever is greater.
If you planned to buy a health plan through a broker or directly from a health insurance company for coverage in April, the March 15 deadline for doing so has passed. If you buy health insurance anytime from March 16 to the 31 outside the government-run marketplaces, your coverage won't start until May 1.
Exchanges offer some breathing room
You have a little more breathing room if you buy your plan from the government-run marketplace in your state. If you buy a plan through the marketplace before March 31, coverage won't start until May 1. But the Obama administration will let you slide. "Health and Human Services granted an extension for those enrolling in the marketplace but not for those enrolling outside the marketplace," says Carol Taylor, employee benefit advisor for D&S Agency in Roanoke, Va., a partner firm of United Benefit Advisors.
There is some urgency because really the only reason you would want to buy from the government-run exchange or marketplace is if you qualify for a subsidy, Taylor says. "If you buy outside the marketplace, you should be able to get more choices, and likely a larger network that is more suited to your needs," she says. "Health insurance companies don't have to offer the exact plans in the marketplace as they do out."
Open enrollment ending
If you are going to buy from the marketplace, you must do so during open enrollment and open enrollment which began Oct. 1 ends March 31. The next open enrollment is proposed to start Nov. 15 and end Jan. 15, 2015.
There's a reason for the current open enrollment period ending. Lawmakers felt they had to set a deadline or some people wouldn't enroll until they were sick and needed medical procedures. For the law to work, the government needs everyone to have coverage especially those who are healthy. Under the law, insurance companies can't refuse coverage based on your health status.
After March 31, the only way you will be able to buy a health insurance policy through the government-run marketplace for the rest of the year is if something happens and you lose your current coverage. That "something" is known as a qualifying life event, explains Scott Ogburn, senior consultant at ECM Ferguson Solutions in Greenville, S.C..
That's true for employer-sponsored plans as well -- you can only enroll during its open enrollment unless you have a qualifying event. About 70 percent of employers have open-enrollment during the last two months of the year for coverage that starts Jan. 1, notes Taylor.
Sign up for health insurance within 60 days of event
To be eligible to enroll in health care coverage outside open enrollment you typically must do so within 60 days of the qualifying event. Events that qualify include moving to a new state that offers different health plan options, certain changes in your income such as going from a full-time to a part-time job, and changes in your family status or size.
You would be eligible to enroll in a plan if you had coverage through your spouse or partner and you divorce or split. If you get married, you would be allowed to be added to your spouse's plan or your spouse added to your plan, Taylor says. If you have a child or adopt a child, the child can be added to your plan at that time as well.
You also would be eligible to enroll in the marketplace if you lose or quit your job and thus lose your employer-sponsored health-care coverage or if you have coverage through a spouse, partner or parent and he or she dies. If you decide to stop paying premiums or drop your health coverage for some other reason, it won't count. You won't be eligible for special enrollment.
If you have a disability or your income is low enough that you qualify for Medicaid or the Children's Health Insurance Program in your state, you can enroll in these programs at any time. They have no open enrollment periods, says Ogburn.
Penalties for not having health insurance will rise in future years
Under health care reform, you can go 90 days a year without health insurance and not be penalized. But if you didn't sign up for health insurance by March 31, you will have used up your grace period for the year.
The penalties for failure to have health insurance increase significantly in future years. In 2015 it's the greater of 2 percent of income or $325 per person. In 2016 and later years, it's 2.5 percent of income or $695 per person, whichever is greater. After that time, the penalties are adjusted for inflation.
If you're uninsured for just part of the year, one-twelfth of the yearly penalty applies to each month that you are uninsured.
Taylor suggests using one of the online calculators including at healthcare.gov to see if you would qualify for a subsidy. The subsidy is based on a number of factors including annual income, family size and age.
If you qualify for a subsidy, you'd be better off buying from the marketplace and have until March 31 to decide. But if you don't qualify for a subsidy or for a small subsidy, you should look into plans available outside the marketplace, says Taylor. In that case, you need to get moving, she says, because time is running out.
More from Insurance.com
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- 5 surprising things you should know before buying a health insurance exchange plan
More "Chicken Little" scare tactics from the Obama shills. And the article admits openly - we need you to sign up while you're healthy so that your money can pay for the sick.
Nice try about the penalties - but those can only be collected out of your tax refund. So adjust your withholding so that you don't get a refund. Problem solved. No penalty.
And more scare tactics - penalties could rise in the future! Not if enough people get the guts to repeal this obamination.
Obamacare was supposed to solve the problem of the 80 million uninsured. Word is we will have even more uninsured than we had before the healthcare law was imposed. The Obama shills keep on pointing to how many people have signed up, however there is a big difference between those who go through the sign up process and the number of people who actually make the payment and will have insurance.
And just like before Obama will step around the Constitution and make another sweeping change to his namesake legislation.
2016 End of an Error!
Vote out everyone who voted for ObamaCare!
My daughter has been trying to sign up for the last week...She spends about an hour filling in the forms, then tries to register only to be kicked out by the website..???
The website is Still screwed up...FYI
He needs to be in line and buy it with a BIG OLD SMILE. And have his wife and kids sit next to welfare cases waiting in line to see the same Doctor.
I want an Ivy league doctor every chance I can get to help me. I work hard to make the cash I do that allows me to have that option.
Many Americans go to the other country's for surgery's or dental and many have built home's in these country's, why, because it is cheaper and they live like a king.
Did you know that many American' company's move to China because the labor is cheaper there and no workers comp to pay and this is not China's fault and remember Clinton open up the free trade with China, You should have the right and your constitutional right to choose if you want Insurance without threat's of taxing you if you do not want it, This is about Power, control,greed, corruption in our government and Corporations
“I ended the war in Iraq” WRONG – Blame Bush, he negotiated the pullout of troops before he left office. Obo was negotiating to keep them there longer, but Iraq said,” No.”
“I saved to auto industry” WRONG – The industry would have gone through an orderly bankruptcy but now instead the U.S. government lost billions buying the company for the unions. You call that saving the industry?
“I’m a black man” WRONG – You are a Negro Caucasian. You are 50% white, 36.5% Arabic and 13.5% black African. Read your own book.
“The majority of people voted for me” WRONG – The majority of Americans did not vote, which means the majority wanted Romney or none of the above.
“The sequester was the Republicans fault” WRONG – It was your idea and is needed because you don’t have the intelligence or guts to do your job and make targeted across the board cuts that will benefit all citizens.
The End of a Dream
It didn’t happen all at once, but the dream that was the United States of America, the Great Republic, has died. Other countries hostile to the idea of true freedom didn’t cause it; it wasn’t caused by a radical religious organization. The downfall of the United States was all from within its own borders, by its own people. The people, for whom others have died, have allowed the country to die a slow death. The me too, me first attitude that started many years ago, along with the idea that all are entitled to the fruits of others hard work, has allowed this country to bleed to death. When the British raised the tax on tea, our forefathers should have just shut up and paid the tax. Almost 240 years later, what has changed? Thousands have died for absolutely nothing.
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