Smart SpendingSmart Spending

Women earn less than men in woman-dominated jobs

Female elementary-school teachers and social workers, for example, make less than their male counterparts, according to a new report.

By Money Staff Apr 7, 2014 4:32PM

This post comes from Ruth Mantell at partner site MarketWatch.

MarketWatch on MSN MoneyIt's not news that women earn less than men. But a soon-to-be-released report illustrates a particularly disappointing trend: women earn less than men even in popular woman-dominated jobs.

 Businesswoman and businessman © Eric Audras, PhotoAlto Agency RF Collections, Getty ImagesThe Institute for Women's Policy Research crunched government data and found that in each of the 20 most common occupations for women in 2013, women's median weekly earnings for full-time work were less than weekly earnings for men. Within those top 20 jobs, that relationship holds true for occupations with the largest shares of women.

Take elementary- and middle-school teachers, for example.  Women in these full-time spots made median weekly earnings of $937 in 2013, compared with $1,025 for men. Those figures translate to women making 91.4 cents for each dollar earned by men – a gap of 8.6 cents. That gap widened to as much as 16.4 cents for social workers.

"To improve women's earnings and reduce the gender earnings gap, women and their families need enhanced efforts to ensure non-discriminatory hiring and pay practices, better training and career counseling, and improved work-family supports," IWPR concluded.

Looking more broadly at the labor market, median weekly earnings for full-time women workers were $706 last year, 82.1 percent of men’s weekly earnings of $860, translating to a gap of 17.9 percent, according to the report. Woman-dominated jobs tend to pay less than fields made up primarily by men, IWPR noted.

"Thus, tackling occupational segregation is an important part of eliminating the gender wage gap," IWPR's report noted.

Courtesy of MarketWatch

Looking to gain female support in its push to raise the federal minimum wage, the White House recently released a report showing that women would disproportionately benefit from such a hike. While women constitute just under half of  the overall labor force, they are about three-quarters of the workers in the 10 largest low-wage jobs, dominating occupations such as childcare workers, home health aides and waitstaff, according to recent analysis from the National Women's Law Center.

Democrats support raising the minimum wage to $10.10 per hour from its current level of $7.25, but may be willing to compromise with Republicans on a smaller hike.

More from MarketWatch

Apr 8, 2014 12:02PM

If this is the case, why would anyone hire a man???

More nonsense.

Apr 7, 2014 4:50PM
And yet ANOTHER socio-economic/personal income division article. Good grief...!!!!!
Apr 8, 2014 9:52AM
The reason men earn more is very simple, when a man is told that his starting salary is $1 an hour he will give 20 reasons why it should be $1.50 and be prepared to walk out over the issue whereas most women would simply accept what's offered.
Apr 8, 2014 12:57AM
My wife left teaching to have children. So if she went back. Of course she is going to make less than a man or woman that never left. How stupid is this author. Also I remember applying for a job. They wanted to know if I knew shorthand. Because women secretaries did not want to go on trips with the boss. So if I would of known shorthand I would of made more money then women because I would travel.
Apr 7, 2014 11:40PM
Women continuously are legitimately becoming more valuable in the workplace. In my experience young women today are often more driven than men, who feel like it is their right to rise to the top. I don't think women should be handed anything more, but I do think the best person should also be given the opportunities that they earn.
In my family I make about 3x more than my husband and I actually have a few other married friends where the woman is the main earner in the family, and the man takes a more casual career and focuses on the children.
For some idea of how much more I'm worth (in dollars not human value), we both just bought Life Ant life insurance policies and mine is about 2 million and his is only 400k (and Im a girl so we both pay about $30 bucks a month ;). Nothing wrong with the face that Im "worth" more its just a positive sign for balance in our society when it comes down to it.
I have no problem with it in the marriage and I manage most of our finances because he simply isn't all that interested. A big thing I noticed with my Dad being a wealth manager is that women are hesitant to listen to men when it comes to financial planning. I wish more women would be in that business because everyone needs to plan properly.
Apr 7, 2014 7:50PM

Do any of these idiot authors ever look at the experience level? Time lost due to child bearing and child rearing? Willingness to work O/T?  Education level.


I don't know of any public school that has pay rates based on gender but yet this idiot included teachers. Teaching pay is based solely on years of experience, type of class,  and level of education.  


This is yet another article from MSN trying to create a victim out of a mole hill.



Apr 9, 2014 11:56AM

How many women working do you see on shift work, weekends, and out of state travel versus men?  Factor in the amount of time taken off for doctor visits, and sick kids.  Most women will work a job that pays less as long as it is comfortable while men do the opposite (example, cleaning out sewers versus an admin job).  This is just the trend and not the few extraordinary exceptions.


Being a contractor overseas doing network server updates is not a job solely for men but strangely you dont see a lot of women doing it in Kuwait or Afganistan on U.S bases do ya?  Women often opt for comfort while men opt for the money.  Nothing really new.

Apr 8, 2014 9:19AM
  When I started work, women were paid less than men, and worked harder. Due to Gov't contracts men and women were given the opportunity to work the same jobs, at the same pay. I needed to pay, so I worked what was referred to as a "man's job". My kids shoes cost just as much as a mans kids. My bills were the same as two parent family. Why should they pay me less. I worked the so called men's jobs until I retired. I was able to buy my home, car, and send kids to collage. The fable they tell about females taking so much time off is a myth. Most men take more time off, but they don't count that. Women made a lot of money working overtime because the man working that job was absent.
Please help us to maintain a healthy and vibrant community by reporting any illegal or inappropriate behavior. If you believe a message violates theCode of Conductplease use this form to notify the moderators. They will investigate your report and take appropriate action. If necessary, they report all illegal activity to the proper authorities.
100 character limit
Are you sure you want to delete this comment?


Copyright © 2014 Microsoft. All rights reserved.

Fundamental company data and historical chart data provided by Morningstar Inc. Real-time index quotes and delayed quotes supplied by Morningstar Inc. Quotes delayed by up to 15 minutes, except where indicated otherwise. Fund summary, fund performance and dividend data provided by Morningstar Inc. Analyst recommendations provided by Zacks Investment Research. StockScouter data provided by Verus Analytics. IPO data provided by Hoover's Inc. Index membership data provided by Morningstar Inc.


Smart Spending brings you the best money-saving tips from MSN Money and the rest of the Web. Join the conversation on Facebook and follow us on Twitter.