Image: Mailbox © Corbis

The U.S. Postal Service plans to close nearly half of the nation's mail-processing centers beginning May 15. The move, which follows a five-month study on 264 of the country's 461 centers, puts more than 35,000 workers' jobs at stake. 24/7 Wall St. has identified the nine states where the USPS plans to close the most mail centers.

The plan is USPS' latest attempt to stem mounting losses. At the current rate, the Postal Service's debt is projected to reach $18 billion by 2015. The mail center consolidations will save at least $2 billion a year and are part of a plan, along with savings in health-related expenses and a five-day delivery schedule, to cut $20 billion by 2015.

While it is still not clear exactly how these changes will affect delivery, a plan currently under consideration would make overnight delivery for first-class mail impossible in many locations.

The USPS is the first to point out that mail volume has declined precipitously because of electronic mail and the downturn in the economy. This places the postal service in an untenable position, as it relies on revenue from mail service instead of tax dollars.

First-class stamped mail has declined from 52 billion deliveries in 2002 to 26 billion in 2011. According to an email from USPS representative Sue Brennan, the drop in mail has resulted in significant excess capacity. She wrote, "We have an infrastructure that has expanded over decades designed to handle hundreds of billions of pieces of mail, and mail volume is no longer increasing. 2006 was our peak year. We need to right-size our infrastructure."

According to the plan, neighboring facilities will absorb the functions of the 223 targeted centers. The Postal Service maintains that the 35,000 jobs will be lost through attrition, though employees will be relocated to other facilities initially. When their old positions aren't available, the employees will be offered other work, such as being post office clerks or mail carriers. In some cases, workers could be relocated to different states.

Nine states will see eight or more processing facilities closed. Almost half of the 223 plants scheduled to be shuttered are located in these nine states. For the most part, these states, which include California, New York and Texas, have the largest populations in the country.

If these measures are allowed to go through, some states will certainly be affected more than others. While unemployment in the U.S. has declined over the past year, it remains high in several states -- a number of which are set to lose the most processing facilities. Five of the nine states set to lose the most centers have unemployment rates above the national average of 8.3%. California and Illinois have some of the worst unemployment numbers in the country, and these cuts will hurt their regional economies even more.

These are the nine states where the post office wants to close the most mail centers:

No. 9: Indiana

  • Proposed closings: 8
  • Unemployment rate: 9.0%

The Postal Service announced it was closing eight separate processing centers in Indiana as part of its consolidation effort. Cities on the list include Gary, Muncie, Bloomington and South Bend. According to The Indianapolis Star, the distribution center in Gary is being folded into a larger plant in another part of town, with 156 jobs set to be terminated. The plant in Bloomington currently has more than 40 employees, and it is unclear how many will lose their jobs.

No. 8: Illinois

  • Proposed closings: 8
  • Unemployment rate: 9.8%

Illinois will soon lose postal centers in Bloomington, Carbondale, Centralia, Quincy, Springfield and Effingham. It is not the first time the state has faced postal closures. In July 2011, a number of Illinois post offices were closed. Illinois is the fifth-largest state and has an unemployment rate of 9.8%, significantly higher than the national average of 8.3%.

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No. 7: Texas

  • Proposed closings: 9
  • Unemployment rate: 7.8%

Nine postal centers in Texas are set to be closed over the coming months. They include offices in Dallas and Fort Worth and two in Waco. According to the Corpus Christi Caller-Times, 71 positions in a processing plant there will be cut, while 78 positions will be added in nearby San Antonio.

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No. 6: Ohio

  • Proposed closings: 9
  • Unemployment rate: 8.1%

Ohio's Postal Service operations are set to undergo major restructuring. According to the Springfield News-Sun, a processing and distribution center in Dayton will be closed; operations in Akron, Canton and Youngstown will relocate to Cleveland; Toledo's will be divided between Columbus and Michigan; and Steubenville operations are set to move to Pittsburgh. Ohio is the seventh-largest state by population.

No. 5: Kentucky

  • Proposed closings: 9
  • Unemployment rate: 9.1%

The closing of nine processing centers in Kentucky may make next-day delivery a thing of the past for people in the state. According to David Walton, USPS spokesmen for Kentucky, as quoted in The State Journal, "Right now there's a time frame of one to three days for delivery (of first-class mail). We're going to be changing that to two to three days." Processing centers in Lexington, Bowling Green, Campton, Elizabethtown, Hazard, London, Paducah and Somerset will be shuttered at some point during 2012.

No. 4: Pennsylvania

  • Proposed closings: 12
  • Unemployment rate: 7.6%

The post office is closing 12 processing centers in Pennsylvania, including those in Lancaster, Altoona, Erie, Greensburg, New Castle, Reading, Scranton, Washington and Williamsport, as well as its southeastern operation. Pennsylvania, the sixth-largest state, has an unemployment rate that is significantly lower than the national average.

No. 3: New York

  • Proposed closings: 12
  • Unemployment rate: 8.0%

New York's postal system will see a lot of change this year. The Postal Service will be shuttering customer service mail-processing centers in Amsterdam, Binghamton, Glens Falls and Plattsburgh. A surface transfer center in Binghamton; processing and distribution centers in Brooklyn, Buffalo, Newburgh, Flushing and Garden City; an annex in Melville; a logistics and distribution center in Bethpage; and a delivery distribution center in Monsey will also be closed. New York is the country's third-largest state.

No. 2: Georgia

  • Proposed closings: 13
  • Unemployment rate: 9.7%

The USPS plans to close 13 processing centers in Georgia this year, including centers in Acworth, Albany, Athens, Augusta, Cartersville, Columbus, Douglasville, Marietta, Savannah, Swainsboro, Valdosta and Waycross. Some processing duties will be sent outside of the state. For example, some mail-processing operations of the Augusta Processing and Distribution Facility will soon be handled by the Columbia, S.C., center, according to The Augusta Chronicle.

No. 1: California

  • Proposed closings: 14
  • Unemployment rate: 11.1%

Fourteen postal centers will be closed in California -- more than in any other state in the nation. Centers to be closed include those in Bakersfield, Industry, Long Beach, Pasadena, Stockton, Petaluma and North Bay. According to USPS spokesman Augustine Ruiz, as reported by San Diego radio station KPBS, overnight mail will be delayed by at least a day if the delivery address is farther than 90 miles from one of the remaining processing centers. Ruiz also notes that employees will be given the option to follow their jobs to the centers where the work will be moved.

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