12 tips for tax-deductible holiday giving
Helping out those in need is always a good thing to do. But it's only sometimes tax-deductible. Make sure you know the rules.
This post is from Kelly Phillips Erb at Forbes.
Charitable donations are an excellent way to reduce your tax burden for the year, all while doing something for the greater good. But as with everything in tax law, there are procedures and rules that need to be followed.
Here are 12 tips for making sure that you get the best bang for your holiday bucks:
- You must itemize in order to claim a charitable deduction. You report itemized deductions on Schedule A on your federal form 1040 using lines 16-19.
- Only donations to qualified charitable organizations are deductible. If you’re not sure whether an organization is qualified, ask to see its letter from the IRS (many organizations will actually post their letters on their web site). If that isn’t possible, you can search directly online using IRS Publication 78. Keep in mind that churches, synagogues, temples and mosques are considered de facto charitable organizations and are eligible to receive deductible donations even if they’re not on the list (some exceptions apply so be sure and ask if you’re not sure). I would also suggest that you check out a potential charitable organization before you make a donation: Charity Navigator is a great site to gather information.
(Post continues below video).
- Cash deductions, regardless of the amount, must be substantiated by a bank record (such as a canceled check or credit card receipt, clearly annotated with the name of the charity) or in writing from the organization. The writing must include the date, the amount and the organization that received the donation.
- Cash deductions that are not substantiated, such as a cash donation without a receipt, or donations made directly to an individual rather than a qualified charitable organization, will be disallowed. That includes paying for someone else’s Christmas presents or lending a helping hand like anonymous donors did at K-Marts around the country. This doesn’t mean that you shouldn’t do these random acts of kindness – in fact, I would argue just the opposite – but it does mean that you can’t claim the deduction on your tax return.
- If you have money taken out of your paycheck for charity, be sure to keep a pay stub, a form W-2 or other document furnished by your employer showing the total amount withheld for charity, along with the pledge card showing the name of the charity.
- For 2011 only (unless Congress extends it and I wouldn’t count on it), an IRA owner who has reached the age of 70½ or older can make a direct transfer of up to $100,000 per year to an eligible charity, tax free. This means that amounts directly transferred to the charity from an IRA are counted in determining whether the owner has met the IRA’s required minimum distribution (RMB) but will not be considered a taxable withdrawal. Nice, right? Some restrictions apply, including the fact that distributions from employer-sponsored retirement plans, including SIMPLE IRAs and simplified employee pension (SEP) plans, are not eligible.
- For donations of non-cash items, the rule is that you can generally take a deduction for the fair market value of the items – what the item would sell for in its current condition. Be specific when you document your donation, noting the description and condition of the items.
- There’s an exception to tip 5: if you make non-cash deductions of clothing and household items, they are only deductible if in good used condition or better. This makes sense, of course, because if your old Levis are so bad that you wouldn’t want to wear them, why would you think someone else would? However, if the item is valued at more than $500 but not in “good” condition, you may still take the deduction if you have an appraisal.
- The rules for the donation of a car, truck, other motor vehicle, boat or airplane are a little different. Rather than use the fair market value of the donation, you are generally limited to the gross proceeds from its sale if the value of the item is more than $500. You will need to get a form 1098-C, or a similar statement, from the charitable organization and attach it to your tax return.
- If the amount of all of your non-cash contributions is more than $500, you must also submit a form 8283, Noncash Charitable Contributions, (.PDF) with your tax return.
- Special rules apply to appreciated goods such as stock or jewelry, or hard-to-value items such as artwork. If you are planning on these kinds of donations, check with your tax professional for more information.
- Contributions are deductible in the year made so be sure and get those gifts in by Dec. 31. And yes, that means that credit card charges made before the end of the year are deductible even if the credit card bill isn’t paid until the next year. Similarly, checks that are mailed by the end of the year will be deductible for this year even if they aren’t cashed until 2012.
As the holiday season comes to an end, I hope that you’ll remember to be charitable. No matter what your individual situation, you can likely do something good, from donating cash to a used prom dress.
Even if you can’t claim a donation, you can take a hour out of your week to be a bell-ringer for the Salvation Army, deliver meals to the homeless or shovel some snow for a shut-in (although remember that you cannot deduct the value of your services). Never underestimate the difference that one person can make.
More from Forbes and MSN Money:
VIDEO ON MSN MONEY
Time: 12:00 am - 05:00 pm
Angels with Faith Ministries 501c3 non-profit charity announces
the kickoff of our Christmas Angels Program on November 1st through
which we provide Christmas to 100s of area children who would not
otherwise have anything under the tree on Christmas morning.Since we
receive no funding we rely strictly on the tax deductible donations of
our community & this year we expect over 1000 children.We have
volunteers to pickup donated toys(new&LIGHTLY used),Bikes,baby
needs,gifts for older children,warm clothing,food for holiday
baskets,computers,laptops&other electronics such as mp3
playesr,ipods,tablets etc,donations can also be made via paypal on our
. Lori,director 678-754-1541/Rev Michael
Tuck 678-754-2337 volunteers Avis 678-887-5395 Vickie 770-990-4579
Location: Angels with Faith Ministries & Church 501c3 non-profit charity
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