Where's tech's next mega trend?

The dearth of game-changing prospects is a troubling sign for a sector that seems unable to replicate its recent golden era. But here are 6 firms that could break through.

By StreetAuthority Aug 12, 2013 3:46PM
Cloud computingBy David Sterman, StreetAuthority                                                          
Although many tech investors have painful memories of the resounding thud that marked the the demise of the dot-com boom in 2000, it pays to remember that the market's gains over the past 18 years are largely due to a stream of game-changing ideas that have sharply boosted U.S. productivity.

A quick timeline of that decade shows just how an impressive an era it's been.

Starting in the mid-1990s, the Internet has played an increasingly central role in everyday corporate life. The advent of e-mail led to a rapid increase in corporate communications and executive decision-making. And the development of high-speed networks has allowed corporate files to be whisked across the country in seconds.

The early signs of e-commerce took root as Amazon.com (AMZN) and eBay (EBAY) began a retail revolution that is still boosting productivity. The years that followed saw solid advances in terms of computing power, communications technology, sharply improved display technologies (which led to innovative TV sets) and key gains in the fields of wind and solar power.

More recently, our economy has benefited from:
  • The advent of social media (such as LinkedIn (LNKD), which you probably hadn't heard of five years ago but now has a market value of nearly $27 billio
  • Mobile computing, which has led to mobile commerce and advertising, known as m-commerce.
  • Cloud computing, which has paved the way for robust data analysis, known as Big Data.
Trouble is, if you look out on the horizon, it's becoming increasingly apparent that there is no new mega trend in the offing. Most companies are focusing on incremental advances, from faster computer chips to higher-resolution TV sets to more accurate robotic surgical arms.

But to thrive, technology doesn't need evolution -- it needs revolution. Take Nuance Communications (NUAN), a pioneer in the speech-recognition software. Nuance's sales have roughly doubled in the past five years and the current crop of smartphones have introduced speech recognition to the masses. But to the chagrin of shareholders, Nuance has been sliding for the past year because the company is delivering few new groundbreaking innovations.

Follow the (venture capital) money
To look at what tomorrow's game-changing technologies might be, we can look at where venture capital money is flowing. VC firms tend to heavily speculate on winning business models that will be mainstream in five or 10 years.
And judging by recent funding trends, VC firms are underwhelmed. According to Ernst & Young, the amount of VC money invested around the world fell 20% in 2012 to levels seen back in 2009, when the global economy was still on very tentative footing. Out of the 323 VC firms in business at the start of 2012, 53 of them closed up shop by year's end. Here in the U.S., VC funding slipped 15% from 2011 levels to around $30 billion.

The current year isn't looking much more promising. According to the MoneyTree Report, there were 1,223 VC-backed investments in the U.S. in 2012. We're on pace for around 1,150 deals this year.

In a look at VC activity in this year's second quarter, analysts at PricewaterhouseCoopers noted that software (with $2.1 billion in new investments), biotech ($1.3 billion), IT services ($654 million) and medical devices ($543 million) attracted the bulk of the funding. 

Clean technology, which was a key area of focus for VCs five years ago, received less than $400 million in fresh capital in the most recent quarter. "Investors cannot seem to flee the space quick enough," note analysts at CB Insights, who add that in years past, a single clean energy VC deal was often greater than $500 million. Interest in the formerly hot fields of computer networking and semiconductors are also falling well below past peaks.

Although the VC industry deployed $6.7 billion in the second quarter, most of that went towards existing VC investments that needed further capital to stay afloat. The dollars earmarked for new investments, also known as the initial round of founding, were around $1.1 billion, according to PWC. The analysts at Ernst & Young add that "VC funds are adjusting their investing strategies, preferring to invest in companies that are generating revenue and focusing less on product development, pre-revenue businesses."

(As a side note, the U.S. remains the main focus for global VC investors. California's Bay Area took in $11.2 billion in VC money in 2012, followed by New England ($3.6 billion), Southern California ($3 billion) and the New York metro area ($2.4 billion). In contrast, the U.K., Germany, Israel, France and Canada each took in $1 billion or less, according to Ernst & Young).

So what types of companies are the wave of the future? These are the top six recipients of VC funding in 2012, according to VentureBeat:

1. Fisker Automotive. The cutting-edge car maker received a $277 million investment in 2012 but has since filed for bankruptcy.
2. SquareTrade, a provider of after-market consumer electronics warranties, received $238 million in funding. A valued service perhaps, but not a source of innovation.
3. Square, which facilities smartphone and tablet-based payments, got a $200 million injection. The company's products are already popping up in bars, cafes and elsewhere, and management would be wise to pull off an IPO before the "me too" competition emerges.
4. Drilling Info, which provides what it name implies to energy exploration firms in North America, pulled in $166 million last year.
5. Sapphire Energy, which bagged a $139 million investment, is yet another firm that hopes to turn algae into petroleum, but after hundreds of millions have been spent on rivals that failed to scale up their technology, it's unclear if Sapphire will make it to the IPO starting gate.
6. Box raised $125 million to further develop its cloud-based data storage platform. The company's OneCloud synching system may be a better mousetrap than the existing cloud-focused storage firms, but time will tell.

It may be churlish to ding these companies, several of which likely have bright futures. But the question again needs to be asked: "Where's the game-changing innovation?"

Action to take --> It's time to start to wonder if the technology sector will be able to deliver the Next Big Thing in coming years that send technology stocks to new highs. Right now, the 1990s and even the 2000s are starting to look like a golden era that may not soon be revisited.

More from StreetAuthority
Aug 15, 2013 9:26AM
Currently there are no Mega trends for real growth.
Aug 12, 2013 4:55PM
Online gaming platforms could see incredible growth over the next few years.  A few states are in the process of legalizing sports betting and online poker.  If you live in Nevada, you can place bets with Nevada sportsbooks from your home computer.   It won't take much to extend this to other states.  In addition, daily fantasy sports websites are on the ground floor and ready to take off with a market that is exploding right now.
Aug 13, 2013 6:55AM
The Main Reason why there is a Dearth of Game Changing technology is because not enough folks have the time to think about Game Changing Technology. They are far too busy working multiple Jobs just to survive. That means we are stuck with the same Starbucks drinking Harvard Types that can't think outside of the Box. Harvard Grad Types typical work for folks that have dropped out of College and came up with Game Changing Technology. The SuperRich by increasing the wage Gap from 40 to 1 to now well over 400 to 1 are draining America of it's innovators.

The Actual Workers are far too busy working at near Slave Labor Wages to do anything innovative. And even when they do innovate at their Jobs, the Barking Dogs take all the credit and the vast majority of the Rewards. America doesn't want to invest in Game Changing Tech. Far too many folks prefer to stick with the proven methods which when compared to others, is outdated if you plan to stay ahead of the curve moving forward. America now prefers to move backwards, and it has. It's just not obvious to the low information voter types. Meanwhile, other countries are moving towards the Future, at our expense.
Aug 12, 2013 10:29PM
Pornless, secure internet. Simplified. We can get a life instead.
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