Dubai's shot to the moon

Virtually unlimited access to cheap money blurred the lines between what made economic sense and what did not.

By V.N. Katsenelson Dec 2, 2009 7:17PM

Virtually unlimited access to cheap money blurs the lines between what makes economic sense and what doesn't. If something can be financed, it will be built. 

 

Dubai's plan to diversify away from petrochemicals made sense. Maybe it is destined to become the Las Vegas of the Middle East, a mecca of business travel and luxury. 

 

Dubai, however, is like NASA; both have proved that anything is possible when you ignore economic costs. Many technological discoveries were made in the process of putting a man on the moon, but the project did have, and was expected to have, a negative return on capital. 

 

Dubai has followed a similar path. The absolutely impossible category may not include building an underwater hotel, or the tallest building in the world, at a cost of $4.1 billion, or a covered ski resort in the middle of a desert. But these projects surely deserve a place in the category of economically impossible. Like putting men on the moon, Dubai's projects were destined to have a negative return on capital. (At least NASA was upfront about it). 

 

Dubai's construction wonders were made possible by high oil prices and, more importantly, unlimited (at the time) global liquidity -- subprime global lending on steroids.

 

Today Dubai, a city-state that could do no wrong just a few years ago, is defaulting on the debt it issued to finance its building boom.  However, what is happening in Dubai is just the most recent, most vivid example of what took place all over the world until the economic crisis. Economically impossible endeavors with negative returns on capital were everywhere and Dubai is just the latest to go bust.

 

Though everyone is talking about Dubai's potential default, the scope of the problem is greater. Think about how much energy (oil, coal, natural gas), materials (steel, concrete) and industrial products (cranes, tractors) -- in other words, stuff -- it took to build these economically impossible wonders. 

 

China, the most populous country in the world, has also masked its share of economically impossible projects through the guise of “stimulus” and at times outright censorship.

 

China is the birthplace of the largest shopping mall in the world, which is empty, and a city built on spec for a million people that remains mostly vacant. These two just scratch the surface. The rest of the world, including the U.S. (after all, we built a lot of now-empty houses and condos) is swarming with economically impossible projects.

 

How many houses (or, in the case of Dubai, mansions), factories, hotels, skyscrapers, shopping malls and railroads will not be built because there are too many already built? And if this is not convincing enough, funding economically impossible projects will be difficult for a while, as lack of liquidity and insurmountable losses suddenly turn bankers into … bankers. They find religion (at least for a little while) and start giving loans to folks who are expected to actually pay them back.   

 

Dubai is the exemplar of economically impossible activities that have taken place everywhere, and why one can’t be optimistic that demand for stuff will return to levels even remotely close to what they were in the days when everything was economically possible and financeable. 

 

Epilogue

My father lives a block from my office. I stop by his house a few times a week on the way to work. We have breakfast (my stepmother makes a killer fake-egg omelet) and stimulating conversation. My father is a true renaissance man; he is a gifted teacher, a scientist, an inventor, and he holds a Ph.D. in electrical engineering. To top all that, he is a very accomplished artist. The bottom line; He is a very wise man. This morning we discussed this Dubai article. 

 

He asked me, “But why would people in Dubai spend billions of dollars on buildings if they have little chance of earning a return on it?”

 

He added, “I would think they’d have rational voices at the table pointing out obvious holes in these multi-billion projects.” At first I tried to explain that if things can get financed, they’ll be built.  I sensed skepticism.

 

Then I explained how groupthink works. Under the crowd's pressure, especially after their predictions of the bubble bursting were proven “wrong,” as real estate prices kept climbing,  skeptics were either turned into believers, got quiet or got fired for being doomsayers and not being team players.

 

My father started to see what I saw, and then I told him a joke that I heard from Warren Buffet years back. 

 

 A very successful oilman dies.  He faces Saint Peter, who says, “You’ve been a good man and normally I’d send you to heaven, but heaven is full.  We only have a place in hell.”  The oilman says, “Any chance I could talk to other oilmen who are in heaven?  Maybe I can convince someone to switch places with me?” Saint Peter says, “It’s never happened before, but sure, I don’t see any harm in it.”  The oilman goes to heaven, finds an oilmen convention and yells, “They found a huge oil discovery in hell!”  Oilmen are stampeding out of heaven to hell, and our oilman is running with them.  Saint Peter asks him “Why are you going to hell with them?  I have a spot in heaven, you can stay.” The oilman answers – “Are you kidding, what if it’s true?”

  

My father got it.

 

 Vitaliy N. Katsenelson, CFA, is a portfolio manager/director of research at Investment Management Associates in Denver, Colo.  He is the author of "Active Value Investing: Making Money in Range-Bound Markets" (Wiley 2007).  To receive Vitaliy's future articles my email, click here.

 

Twitter thoughts (follow me on twitter):

1.      Site where you can download free, but legal, books (mostly classics) in PDF and Kindle formats http://bit.ly/6fFCti
2.      China ghost town - incredible! http://bit.ly/6AcGly
3.      Saturday Night Live on Obama's visit to China http://bit.ly/80dCVA
4.      My answers to Q&A in Financial Times http://bit.ly/8UEeyu
5.      My interview with Wolfe-Forbes Emerging Tech Report (pages 1,6, and 7) http://bit.ly/wolfe-forbes
6.      In this presentation "Steroided We Are" I explain how we modified our investment process for this economy http://bit.ly/2dAExI
7.      In this article I explain why our economy is "Steroidally Challenged" http://bit.ly/2TetCO
8.       Must read excerpts from Seth Klarman's letters. He is one of the most rational voices in investing. http://bit.ly/1MUd1z 

.

1Comment
Report
Please help us to maintain a healthy and vibrant community by reporting any illegal or inappropriate behavior. If you believe a message violates theCode of Conductplease use this form to notify the moderators. They will investigate your report and take appropriate action. If necessary, they report all illegal activity to the proper authorities.
Categories
100 character limit
Are you sure you want to delete this comment?

DATA PROVIDERS

Copyright © 2014 Microsoft. All rights reserved.

Fundamental company data and historical chart data provided by Morningstar Inc. Real-time index quotes and delayed quotes supplied by Morningstar Inc. Quotes delayed by up to 15 minutes, except where indicated otherwise. Fund summary, fund performance and dividend data provided by Morningstar Inc. Analyst recommendations provided by Zacks Investment Research. StockScouter data provided by Verus Analytics. IPO data provided by Hoover's Inc. Index membership data provided by Morningstar Inc.

STOCK SCOUTER

StockScouter rates stocks from 1 to 10, with 10 being the best, using a system of advanced mathematics to determine a stock's expected risk and return. Ratings are displayed on a bell curve, meaning there will be fewer ratings of 1 and 10 and far more of 4 through 7.

123
123 rated 1
262
262 rated 2
480
480 rated 3
651
651 rated 4
649
649 rated 5
629
629 rated 6
616
616 rated 7
496
496 rated 8
346
346 rated 9
111
111 rated 10
12345678910

Top Picks

SYMBOLNAMERATING
EXCEXELON CORPORATION9
TAT&T Inc9
VZVERIZON COMMUNICATIONS8
CTLCENTURYLINK Inc8
AAPLAPPLE Inc10
More

VIDEO ON MSN MONEY

ABOUT

Top Stocks provides analysis about the most noteworthy stocks in the market each day, combining some of the best content from around the MSN Money site and the rest of the Web.

Contributors include professional investors and journalists affiliated with MSN Money.

Follow us on Twitter @topstocksmsn.