How to cover assets in speculative play

A plan and some discipline can help make spec investing less risky.

By TheStreet Staff Oct 23, 2012 11:49AM

TheStreet LOGO Dice on stock listings copyright Kate Kunz, CorbisBy Rocco Pendola

 

Speculative investing gets a bad name.

 

That's because too many investors treat it like they do phone calls, text messages, Facebook (FB) posts and Tweets after having too much to drink. They are risky endeavors and tend not to end well.

 

When you speculate, you should do it not only in moderation but with companies you know well.

 

All too often, investors associate low-priced stocks or once-healthy, now-depressed companies with speculation. While these might be the ingredients of a speculative play, you absolutely cannot use them in and of themselves to identify specs.

 

I like to take industries I know well and search for speculative opportunities within them.

 

For example, I break media and telecommunications stocks down into large companies with their hands in a bit of both (for example, Verizon VZ, AT&T TBCE BCE), pure-play old guard media (for example, Time Warner TWX, Disney DIS, News Corp. NWSA) and new/social media tech types such as Yahoo and Pandora.

 

Because I know the industry well and have had success with several of its not-so-speculative plays, it makes sense to up the risk here and there.

 

As a general rule, I do not go long a speculative stock if it's not optionable. It must not only have options available to trade, but there needs to be liquidity and a healthy selection of strikes and expirations. Sufficient volume to keep me away from crazy bid/ask spreads helps as well.

 

Consider Yahoo (YHOO). In Hear Marissa Mayer's Roar and Buy Yahoo, I suggested that, with the stock trading around $15.80, it might be time to buy.

 

I did just that, accumulating a small position at a cost basis of $15.89. The stock promptly ran past $16.00, pulled back and then, after closing Monday's session at $15.77, bolted to around the $16.50 level in earnings-induced after-hours trading. In case you missed it, Yahoo turned in a solid report Monday afternoon.

 

On Friday, I wrote weekly YHOO $16.50 calls (expiring Oct. 26) against part of my position.

 

That's the type of hedge I like to make on speculative plays. The premium I collect from writing the calls helps cancel out or offset downside. And, if I get my shares called away, so be it. I will have returned 4% on the trade (buy at $15.89/sell at $16.50) in just over a week's time.

 

On broad market weakness or something stock-specific, I can buy more YHOO shares to add to what's left of my position, assuming the bulk of it gets called away at options expiration. For the record, I don't think it will. 

 

Now, consider Pandora (P). I accumulated shares, settling on a cost basis of $10.19.

 

Hindsight can have this effect, but I could kick myself for not taking at least some profits in Pandora at or around its Sept. 6 closing high of $12.57.

 

Thanks to rumors that Apple (AAPL) has plans to introduce a competing service, the stock sank as low as $9.95 on Sept. 7, closing that session at $10.47. It's been a rough ride from there. Pandora has spent time under $9 per share, ending Monday at $9.10.

 

If I sell at $9.10, I record a 10.7% loss on the trade. Not awful, but considering the 20-plus percent gain I let slip away, it's a minor irritant.

 

Here's what actually happened. I ended up selling some, though not all, of my Pandora position at $9.00 over the weekend. That's because I got assigned on Pandora Oct. $9.00 calls I wrote against the position. I was merely continuing a strategy I have had in place for months -- writing around-the-money calls against 600 shares of Pandora.

 

A straight stock sale at $9.00 from a cost basis of $10.19 results in an 11.7% loss. In real dollars, that's proceeds of $5,400 from a cost basis of $6,114. Again, not very satisfying. Of course, that's not what I did because that's not how I roll.

 

It takes some discipline to stick to prudent rules you set for yourself, particularly when dealing with speculative plays. That's because of the huge reward you often calculate in your head on stocks with significant upside.

 

I fell victim to that emotion when I was up 20%. I got greedy. That can turn a winner into a loser in the blink of an eye. I kick myself a little less for not taking profit, however, because I stayed true to my options strategy, even though I knew it might result in not only having my shares called away, but at less than market price.

 

I have written Pandora covered calls a total of six times in recent months. That covered call writing generated about $832 worth of income. For the record, I bought calls back for a gain three times, had them expire worthless twice and was assigned on the transaction this past weekend.

 

Factor that $832 into the proceeds from my sale of Pandora shares at $9.00 and, not including transaction costs, I made money on the position. Thanks to aggressive covered call writing, my would-be double-digit loss is actually a 1.9% gain. Throw commissions in the mix and I'm slightly above breakeven.

 

It doesn't always work out quite so textbook, but with some discipline that includes sticking to a covered call options strategy, you set yourself up for less pain -- or not much pain at all -- when a speculative play hits speed bumps.

 

At the time of publication, the author was long P and YHOO.

 

More from TheStreet.com

1Comment
Oct 23, 2012 12:11PM
avatar

 Romney showed his flip flop styles during the last debate on Wars, economy, Rowe vs Wade, women, Russia Iran, Syria. Even said he agrees on international methods setup by Obama.

 

Romne's   'Let GM go Bankrupt'   bit him in the butt.

 

Sad to see Romney flip flop so much so often on most topics.....he has major character flaws....

Report
Please help us to maintain a healthy and vibrant community by reporting any illegal or inappropriate behavior. If you believe a message violates theCode of Conductplease use this form to notify the moderators. They will investigate your report and take appropriate action. If necessary, they report all illegal activity to the proper authorities.
Categories
100 character limit
Are you sure you want to delete this comment?

DATA PROVIDERS

Copyright © 2014 Microsoft. All rights reserved.

Fundamental company data and historical chart data provided by Morningstar Inc. Real-time index quotes and delayed quotes supplied by Morningstar Inc. Quotes delayed by up to 15 minutes, except where indicated otherwise. Fund summary, fund performance and dividend data provided by Morningstar Inc. Analyst recommendations provided by Zacks Investment Research. StockScouter data provided by Verus Analytics. IPO data provided by Hoover's Inc. Index membership data provided by Morningstar Inc.

STOCK SCOUTER

StockScouter rates stocks from 1 to 10, with 10 being the best, using a system of advanced mathematics to determine a stock's expected risk and return. Ratings are displayed on a bell curve, meaning there will be fewer ratings of 1 and 10 and far more of 4 through 7.

114
114 rated 1
278
278 rated 2
474
474 rated 3
641
641 rated 4
639
639 rated 5
663
663 rated 6
640
640 rated 7
499
499 rated 8
284
284 rated 9
122
122 rated 10
12345678910

Top Picks

SYMBOLNAMERATING
COPCONOCOPHILLIPS9
TAT&T Inc9
VZVERIZON COMMUNICATIONS9
KOGKODIAK OIL & GAS Corp9
CVXCHEVRON CORPORATION8
More

VIDEO ON MSN MONEY

ABOUT

Top Stocks provides analysis about the most noteworthy stocks in the market each day, combining some of the best content from around the MSN Money site and the rest of the Web.

Contributors include professional investors and journalists affiliated with MSN Money.

Follow us on Twitter @topstocksmsn.