SEC's Schapiro will move on

Supporters says she kept the Securities and Exchange Commission alive and rebuilt its image as tough cop. Critics say the SEC still isn't aggressive enough.

By Charley Blaine Nov 26, 2012 5:15PM
Updated: 4:25 p.m. ET

There are two schools of thought about Mary Schapiro's tenure as chairman of the Securities and Exchange Commission. Schapiro announced she will leave the job on Dec. 14, and President Obama named Elisse Walter to succeed her.  He may name a permanent chairman later.
  • Schapiro did much to restore the SEC's credibility after what is said to be eight wasted years in during the George W. Bush administration.
  • She was a pansy for Wall Street.
There doesn't seem to be any in-between, as comments you can find on many sites will attest.
There's no question the SEC had an image problem when Schapiro came on board in early 2009.

The commission regulated with the lightest of hands during the Bush years. A result was the forced merger of Bear Stearns into JPMorgan Chase (JPM) in March 2008 and the  Lehman Brothers collapse six months later, key contributors to the 2008-09 financial crash. © Evan Vucci/AP Photo

The commission also totally missed the signs that Bernard Madoff was bilking investors of millions of dollars.

Schapiro did beef up the SEC's enforcement efforts. The SEC filed dozens of enforcement actions related to the financial crisis. The SEC sued Goldman Sachs (GS) in 2010, accusing it of fraud when it sold investors a mortgage security without disclosing that hedge fund Paulson & Co. helped pick the loans and bet against them. Goldman paid a record $550 million fine.

It did force the prosecution and conviction of hedge-fund manager Raj Rajaratnam on inside-trading charges. Former Countrywide Financial CEO Angelo Mozilo was penalized $22.5 million to settle SEC charges that he and two other former Countrywide executives misled investors as the subprime mortgage crisis emerged. Mozilo also agreed to disgorge $45 million in stock profits. Countrywide is now part of Bank of America (BAC).

There was talk after the financial crisis about abolishing the SEC. No more.

And yet critics say Schapiro didn't make the most of the bully pulpit of the agency. The SEC extracted large settlements from the likes of Bank of America, Goldman and Citigroup, but the commission chose not to -- or was unable to -- obtain admissions of wrongdoing from top executives personally.

Bank of America also agreed in 2010 to a $150 million settlement of charges it lied to shareholders about its financial condition and its prospects after agreeing to buy Merrill Lynch. But federal Judge Jed Rakoff refused to approve the first suggestion of a $33 million penalty and thought the $150 million settlement too small. In his opinion, Rakoff wrote, "While better than nothing, this is half-baked justice at best."

At the same time, the SEC struggled to show it has a grasp on an increasingly fragmented market dominated by electronic and high-speed trading. Schapiro supervised adjustments of trading practices and set the stage for a future computer surveillance system after a computer program employed by one firm sparked a 20-minute plunge in stock prices, temporarily erasing $862 billion of market value.

Schapiro was also unable to get a majority of the five-member SEC to back tightened rules for money-market funds. The $2.6 trillion piece of the mutual-fund industry is believed by many to pose a large risk to the nation's financial system.

While Walter is the chairman for the foreseeable future, there is apparently talk that Obama will name a permanent chairman. It could be Walter.

Names also being floated include Mary Miller, a senior Treasury Department official; Financial Industry Regulatory Authority Chairman Richard Ketchum; former SEC commissioner Harvey Goldschmid and William Brodsky, chairman and CEO of the CBOE Holdings (CBOE), operator of the Chicago Board Options Exchange.

The New York Times said that Sallie Krawcheck, the former head of global wealth management at Merrill Lynch and a top executive at Citigroup (C) is in the running as well.

One last note: After Schapiro leaves, the commission will have four members. Two will be Democrats and two Republicans. Yes, that means gridlock is a real possibility.
Tags: BACsec
Nov 27, 2012 11:47AM
Tick Tock goes the Clock of Inevitability.
Nov 26, 2012 11:16PM
Ms Shapiro accomplished very little and her leaving will make little if any difference. Saying that she was better than Christopher Cox is not saying much. A 150 million dollar fine is spit to b of a.
Nov 26, 2012 10:38PM
I am glad she is leaving, she did nothing to improve the image of the SEC.  The SEC was established in 1934 by Roosevelt as an independent quasi-judicial regulatory agency. It was supposed to prevent corp. abuses.  I think right now we have to do something about corp. accounting fraud and insider trading. How can you trust the market today?
Nov 26, 2012 9:58PM
I`d tell you what I think of the SEC, but I`m being vetted for the position.
Nov 26, 2012 9:04PM
SEC is a worthless mess.  They are just as responsible for all the crap and completely corrupt market as the crooks.  Holder too!  Bye Mary...don't let the door heit you in the azz.  Hope you go to prison in the follow-up investigations!
Nov 26, 2012 7:08PM
Like we said earlier, after last week, a day like today was expected...Lets face it, reality hit the markets a bit today, this economy is not good at all...Plus, after the shortened week we had we expected manipulators to come out with guns blazing today and they did...We were fortunate to sustain a little rally towards the end and keep the damage to a minimum...Oh well, we will see what tomorrow brings us.
Nov 26, 2012 7:04PM

Now Endeavor......That was funny...LMAO.


Old Geezer.....Kind of GLAD you are an EX-Citizen.


Speak only for yourself, Selaretus.


They all become lobbyist, Bob.

Nov 26, 2012 6:15PM
Whatever did happen to these corrupt bankers? NOTHING! Many should be in Prison.
Nov 26, 2012 5:51PM
Let's see now, Clinton, Geithner, and now Schapiro.  You think somethings up?  Smells mighty fishy.
Nov 26, 2012 5:51PM
Even odds say Schapiro becomes a mutimillion dollar per year lobbyist for a major financial institution.
Nov 26, 2012 5:50PM
I think I speak for everyone in the real world when I say 'I don't give a sh**!'
Nov 26, 2012 5:36PM
Since none of us are privy to what level corruption exists between Wall Street and the Federal Government, your header question is irrelevant. It should occur to all now that America is divided between Too-Rich-And-Not-Worth-It and the sum total remaining population forced to live poorly. The obvious is straight ahead... a war we don't need to have, a number of dead and wounded and America exposed to foreign threats. The game is up for the Kool Aid Addicts... go buy a Monopoly Game and play it to the death if you can't see the damage you've done to the rest of us. Go ahead and arm yourselves... history suggests you will hole yourselves up and go insane waiting for the door to burst open. Paranoia will overtake you long before we need to. Wake up, idiots and start doling out cash without rules or stipulations and restore the Chaos that makes America tick. You are mighty sick puppies. New World Order and a False Elitist Class are not in our future.
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