Research In Motion is still doomed

The company isn't making money and the new BlackBerry 10 won't save it.

By InvestorPlace Jan 8, 2013 4:03PM

Frustrated woman with mobile device copyright Jacqueline Veissid, Photodisc, Getty ImagesBy Jeff Reeves


iplogoIn recent posts on InvestorPlace over the last few months (here and here), I have been decidedly bearish on Research In Motion (RIMM) and its new line of BlackBerry 10 devices.


Readers shouted me down for my lack of understanding of these gadgets, citing their great appeal as secure business tools and not toys. The share price has proven me wrong, with a 40%-plus run in the last three months.


A smarter man would probably just shut up and admit he was wrong. But I want to double down on my bearish case for Research In Motion stock.


BlackBerry 10 might prove naysayers wrong and the OS might be unveiled in a few weeks with great features and speed … but frankly, it's too little too late.


Here's why:


Patent fight ends badly

Nokia (NOK) and RIM recently made waves with a deal over a patent dispute that involves a big one-time payment to Nokia. Wall Street did not respond favorably, causing Research In Motion stock to sell off sharply on the news. And though the stock rebounded slightly after Christmas, it remains 15% below pre-headline levels. The payment includes $65 million up front, according to Venturebeat, with more to follow. Granted, RIM does about $3 billion in revenue per quarter, so this is a drop in the bucket, but it's hardly good news going forward.


Service-fee worries: Soon after the settlement, downward momentum was fueled again by headlines -- this time from worries about fees. Specifically, RIM charges wireless carriers like AT&T (T) and Verizon (VZ), as well as major corporations, to route secure, encrypted messages around the globe. The company has tried to backpedal, stating changes would be gradual over the long-term, but some remain very concerned. A recent Wall Street Journal report indicates service charges account for one-third of RIM revenue -- and any disruption here caused by a rate hike could be substantial to the bottom line.


PlayBook ain't playing

I remain convinced that tablets are going to be the biggest driver of future gadget sales and will be the biggest battle to be fought among the tech titans. Unfortunately, while Google (GOOG) is forging ahead with its Nexus line, Amazon (AMZN) has the Kindle Fire and Microsoft (MSFT) is seeing lukewarm success with its Surface tablet, RIM is dead in the water. CNN Money reports it shipped a meager 255,000 PlayBooks in the entire fourth quarter. Even if BB10 gets RIM back into the smartphone game, it will never compete on the tablet front. (Microsoft owns and publishes Top Stocks, an MSN Money site.)


What about apps? 

BlackBerry continues to lag hopelessly behind Apple (AAPL) and its app universe. And it's even behind Google's Android. Yes, RIM is working on it frantically, but it will take time -- time that BlackBerry can't afford to lose if this is indeed going to be its rebirth in 2013. 


And by the way, Android and iOS aren't going to stand still, so RIM needs to not just ramp up its app store to the current playing field, but try to catch leaders that continue to run at top speed.


Negativity over leaks

Say what you want about the tech blogosphere and leaks of new products, but the fact is these rumors and pre-reviews matter. And unfortunately for RIM, the leaks are not favorable. Take this cutting Gizmodo headline: "Leaked BB10 Screenshots Look Like Every Other OS Except Crappier." Ouch. There are favorable reviews out there, too, but the sharks already are in the water.


Still no profits

The biggest reason I remain bearish is the bottom line. Estimates show Research In Motion will remain unprofitable through fiscal year 2014. Sure, maybe the BB10 launch will be better than expected -- but it needs to blow the doors off to make RIMM profitable again anytime soon. That cash burn dips into growth and research potential, which is horrible for a company that is already playing catch-up. And for those who think BlackBerry users are eagerly awaiting this relaunch to buy in earnest, consider that in the last quarter, RIMM lost 1 million subscribers. Doesn’t sound like waiting in the wings as much as abandoning ship when folks give up the old OS altogether.


Do or die for RIM

Furthermore, because of this lack of profits, there is no room for error here with BB10. If the devices unveiled at the global launch event on Jan. 30 do not catch on instantly and with enthusiasm … there is no plan B. The brand will never recover. So if you're thinking of investing, remember that your choice is a stark one: Either BlackBerry's newest incarnation will wow techies and investors alike, or the company will circle the drain until it disappears. There is no in between.


If you're a believer and want to stake your portfolio on your love of this device, feel free. But the risk-reward is unpalatable in my book -- even if I didn't think that RIM was doomed.


Which I do.


Related reading

  • Steve Kovach, while admitting some strengths in the Z10, writes that, “Like most analysts, I only think BB10 has a modest chance of success. (Business Insider)
  • Leaks to some great advance shots of the purported BlackBerry 10 L-Series. (Engadget)
  • Blackberry’s last stand: One analyst says, “I still want to see RIM succeed, simply because competition engenders innovation, so the more choice for the consumer, the better. However, I can’t really see that a fancy interface is going to be enough to turn the firm’s fortunes around.” (Metro)

Jeff Reeves is the editor of InvestorPlace.com and the author of The Frugal Investor's Guide to Finding Great Stocks. Write him at editor@investorplace.com or follow him on Twitter via @JeffReevesIP. As of this writing he held a position in Apple but no other stocks named here.


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5Comments
Jan 8, 2013 4:46PM
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FYI -  existing PlayBooks are also going to receive BB10 and a new PlayBook is also being released so I wouldn't totally count it out just yet.
Jan 8, 2013 5:21PM
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Everything that is said in this article could be said when Apple was near bankruptcy. What has revived Apple? A good product. I use the new phone "Dev Alpha" for a while and I can tell you that this product is amazing.

 

BB10 when released, users will be able to make their own. For the moment, we must endure the negative drivel ...

Jan 8, 2013 7:57PM
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We all know that analysts and the media have been bashing RIM for the last couple of years. There are way too many misleading reports out there. This helps drive the stock down. Billions are made by doing this. 

So BB10 is almost here? But how can this be? 

One top analyst said that BB10 will not be available till July 2013. Another top analyst said that RIM will burn all their cash and will never see 2013. A third one said that they will be obsolete before there new OS is ready. Rocco from seeking alphabet said that buying Rim shares is like catching a falling knife. Another writer said that RIM shares will trade for under $1.00 per share comes 2013. A top analyst gave RIM a 10% chance of surviving. Recently he changed it to 20%. Will he say 30% when Rim shows the BB10 phones on January 30th, then up it to 40% when stores receive the product. He will be up to 50% when the phones go on sale, then 60% if they sell well, and finally 70% if they are a hit. By this time, the share price will be up to $80.00 and the shorts will be chasing the share price all the way up to $120.00. 

How could all these people be so wrong? So very wrong. 

Do you get my point on how the Billions are made? They buy when the stock price is low, and sell it when it is high. 




Jan 8, 2013 5:54PM
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I guess that I am in the "not a toy" group so my comments may be less relevant than I would like to think. However, I do wonder how many apps people really want and use. The numbers published are fantastic but everyone in the business is looking for a profit either from a sale or from advertisers and consumers are the ones paying the tab. I anticipate that the app fad will end and many of the developers will go broke so the relevance of "number of apps" as a smart phone criterion is limited.

The security issue may well become more significant which will help RIMM. I am certainly reluctant to do banking with my iPhone and would be even more reluctant with an Android or Windows product.

Obviously RIMM is behind in tablets but an up-grade of the Playbook using the Bridge  with the BB-10 still looks better than most of the phone/tablet combos on the market.
While I like the features promised by RIMM andf will probably give them another shot if the launch is positive, as an investor, I am most concerned about the conversion of existing customers in the emerging markets. These customers are still buying old model Blackberries because of the price in many cases. Will they up-grade to the BB-10? and if so when? Will the price point be sufficient for RIMM to be profitable? Success in the USA will be difficult to achieve even with a superior product due to the established competition but success with the 70,000,000 existing customers might depend upon price more than technology.

Jan 8, 2013 5:51PM
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I wouldn't buy stock in this company at any price - Another Apple - Don't count on it - Anyone that things otherwise is a fool !
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