Inside Wall Street: Chipotle may remain weak
The once high-flying operator of Mexican fast-casual restaurants continues to face stiff competitive pressure.
The bears, however, disagree. Buying shares of Chipotle now would be a hasty move and could leave you with "dead money" in the stock for some time. Some wary Chipotle watchers warn that increased competition from some hot rivals, particularly Taco Bell, a unit of YUM Brands (YUM), will continue to adversely impact same-store sales and restrain Chipotle's ability to raise prices.
Jim Yin, an analyst at S&P Capital IQ who tracks Chipotle, has just downgraded his recommendation on the stock to a "sell" from "hold," as he cut his 2012 earnings forecast by 9 cents a share, to $8.99. For 2013, the analyst is keeping his profit estimate of $9.56 a share, but cautions that the stock, which has plunged some 40% from its high of $442 in mid-April 2012, will continue to falter and fall.
The stock, which dropped to as low as $236 on Oct.23, 2012, is now trading at $291. But Yin is far from impressed. His 12-month price target for the stock is $250 a share. The major problem he sees is slowing sales and narrowing profit margins.
"We think operating margins will be pressured because of increasing competition from Taco Bell, as well as by higher food input costs in 2013," says Yin. He warns that Taco Bell is expanding its "Cantina Bell" menu offerings that directly compete with Chipotle's popular Mexican-style food specialties, including a new steak marinade, quesadillas, and fajitas.
The analyst believes that Taco Bell's wider menu offerings, aided by increased advertising volume to back them up, will make it difficult for Chipotle to raise prices, which would crimp operating margins. He expects same-store sales growth in 2013 will fall below Chipotle's historical average in the mid- and high-single digits because of the impact of the growing competition and a slow-growing U.S. economy.
Chipotle, which operates more than 1,300 fast-casual Mexican food restaurants in the U.S., Europe and Canada, is increasingly feeling the heat from rivals that have introduced higher quality foods even as they continue to imitate Chipotle's fast-casual restaurant concept.
The increasing concern is that many of Chipotle's customers may end up trading down to its rivals' lower-priced alternatives that could be more appetizing than its own offerings.
To counteract the onslaught of its rivals' initiatives, Chipotle is stepping up the opening of new stores, which analysts believe will drive the company's future growth. At the end of 2011, Chipotle had 1,230 restaurants. It increased that number to more than 1,300 this year.
Generally, new restaurants contribute a great deal to the company's revenue growth. However, that may not be enough of a strategy to prevent competitors from biting into Chipotle's turf.
Yin expects Chipotle's restaurant margins will drop to 27% in 2013, down from 28% in 2012, due in part to the elevated cost of food and other commodities. Operating margins are also expected to narrow, figures Yin, to 16.8% next year from 17.3% in 2012.
As huge as the $217 billion U.S restaurant industry market, it is extremely crowded -- and highly competitive. It continues to be dominated by the giants in the business, including McDonald's (MCD), Wendy's (WEN), Burger King (BKW), and Yum Brands.
The fast-casual restaurant sector in which Chipotle competes is characterized by convenient food that's focused on fresh and healthy ingredients, as well as made-to-order dishes priced at relatively lower costs.
Chipotle has distinguished itself from the rest of the crowd by offering high-quality food menus. But now that leading competitors, such as Taco Bell, have been elevating the quality of their food offerings -- and at lower prices, too -- Chipotle has started to lose complete control of its chosen turf.
As a result, "It seems investors have turned bearish on Chipotle amid concerns over slower growth in customer traffic and sales, owing to a weak economy and increased competition, specifically from Taco Bell," notes Andrew J. Cueter, analyst at investment research firm Value Line. And he also expects growth will likely slow in 2013 as sales gains are projected to be flat.
So it isn't surprising that several Chipotle's large institutional investors, including Fidelity Management, Capital World Investors, and Renaissance Technologies, have reduced their stakes in the company, as of their latest filings on Sept. 30, 2012.
Gene Marcial wrote the column "Inside Wall Street" for Business Week for 28 years and now writes for MSN Money's Top Stocks. He also wrote the book "Seven Commandments of Stock Investing," published by FT Press.
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